Probiotics in comedonal acne treatment

Have you heard that probiotics can decrease the number of comedonal acne injures? Let’s find out whether it is true.

Have you ever thought of your skin importance? Skin is an incredible organ, which protects you from damaging sun activity and environmental pollutions. Moreover, it has capability to regenerate. Your skin is incredibly elastic and flexible.

But your skin is almost defenseless against different kinds of disorders such as comedonal acne for example. They may lead to pimples, which can continue during adulthood; moreover they may cause even permanent scarring.

What are probiotics

Probiotics are microorganisms, which are beneficial for our organism. There two types of probiotics that are commonly used: Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and bifidobacteria. But you also shouldn’t forget about particular types of yeasts and bacilli. Probiotics are usually consumed as an element of fermented foods with active live cultures, such as yogurt or as dietary supplements.

One of the most important probiotic bacteria functions is destroying bad bacteria. Besides, probiotics succeed in neutralizing the activity of acne-causing toxins. They create specific environment in your gut, which leads to pathological bacteria death.
So probiotics minimize core reason of comedones (blackheads and whiteheads) and other acne forms appearance. They limit the number of pathological bacteria and control acne-causing toxins overproduction.

So let’s move on to probiotics main advantages:

They allow the small intestine to provide healthy immunity, increase digestion and constrain yeasts. Probiotics are important for food digestion process, moreover they better minerals absorption.

They are a great advantage for large intestine, safe colon cleaning product which provides healthy liver function. Digestion and immunity improving is also definitely important function of probiotics, but the problem is that the amount of probiotics can be reduced by poor diet, stress and particular drugs.

So the thing you should pay attention to is not the total amount of bacteria but the balance of harmful and beneficial bacteria.

Are the probiotics and comedonal acne related?

The mechanism of acne appearance is the next: toxins create fecund environment in your skin for acne-causing bacteria to multiply. Be aware of the fact that toxins may also disturb the normal functioning of your organs. This may lead to overproduction of specific hormones, which causes the boost of sebum production. And the last one, as you probably guessed, may cause pores blocking and comedonal acne formation (including microcomedones, blackheads and whiteheads). So what we get is more comedonal acne, more bacteria which leads to more inflamed acne formation.

How do probiotics help to treat acne?

There are number of probiotics features which can help in dealing with acne pimples, preventing comedonal acne appearance and keeping your skin healthy. They are:

• bettering digestion
• increase immune system
• control of blood glucose
• support healthy liver function
• oxidative stress and mood
• tissue lipid content
• affecting systemic inflammation

Struggle against acne with the help of Probiotics

According to researches probiotics indeed are capable to reduce the growth of Proprionibacterium acnes bacteria. This bacteria leads to clogged pores inflammation and their transformation to inflamed acne. The effect is greater when use konjac glucomannan compounds.

But in order to get the full healing from acne, only probiotics aren’t enough. Pills and yogurt are really good but that’s not enough. You should seek healthy, acne-free lifestyle.

And probiotics are definitely a step towards your aim. So you should take more actions, for further information consult with your dermatologist.

Azelaic Acid as Blackheads and Whiteheads Treatment

Have you ever heard of Azelaic acid (also known as decarboxylic acid) which helps to treat blackheads and whiteheads? Providing some background information it should be mentioned that the track of Azelaic acid appeared in the l970s and firstly was used for dealing with hyperpigmentation of skin.

But unexpectedly it has been found out that Azelaic acid can be also used to decrease acne, which was proved by later studies. Good news also includes the fact that it works in the way oral tetracycline does but has no side effects the last one does. Nowadays, Azelaic acid known as an antimicrobial and advised to be applied to light and moderate acne forms, including comedonal (which is whiteheads and blackheads) and inflammatory acne. Used as an additional way of treatment.

How does it work

To begin with the scientists still don’t know the exact way of its influence, but it is considered to be antibacterial and also has anti-keratinizing functions. So the idea is that Azelaic acid decreases the production of keratin because the large quantity of the last one is the reason of blackheads and w hiteheads appearance due to the blockage of hair follicles.

It succeeds in dealing with acne forms, which were triggered by bacteria but it failed in dealing with other types.

As any other drug Azelaic acid has its own pluses and minuses, let’s take a look on those.

Advantages and Disadvantages

Benefits:
1. Azelaic acid is helpful during summer time thanks to the fact it’s not photosensitive and its good with patients who may suffer from retinoids.
2. Azelaic acid doesn’t lead to bacterial resistance.
3. It’s not dangerous to use Azelaic acid during long period of time in case acne remains active.
4. It also doesn’t affect skin or clothes by any discoloring contrary to benzoyl peroxide.
5. Especially good for people with dark skin due to its ability to decrease pigmentation.
7. And the most important Azelaic acid is extremely well accepted having only 5% of patients suffer from side effects. It’s absolutely non-toxic.

Drawbacks:
1) The terms of acne reaction during treatment usually slow, improvement might be seen approximately in a month. For better results the treatment should be continued for at least 6 months.
2) Those who have dark skin are at risk of having hypopigmentation(losing skin color) thus should be checking regularly.
3) Azelaic acid shouldn’t be used during lactating or pregnancy.
4) Another group of risk are those who has delicate skin or suffer from eczema, the treatment may cause dermatitis

Unwanted effects:

According to the data there have been no cases of dangerous side effects however there is a risk of getting skin irritation, erythema, stinging or burning.

How to use:

To treat comedones (blackheads, whiteheads) it is usually used as 20% cream and gel preparation applying to affected areas after skin cleaning once a day. In case of full acceptance can be used twice a day. The dose should be decreased to once in two days in case you have delicate or reactive skin, it’s highly recommended to give your skin chances to get adjust.

Pat attention to avoid eye contact!

Products Best for Whiteheads Removal

Whiteheads or closed comedones are a form of acne that spoils complexion and looks. Special products are needed for removal of sebum and dead cells build-up causing clogged pores and acne.

Useful Tips

There are some useful tips you should consider to prevent whiteheads from forming:

• Maintain your face clean. Employ suitable for your skin type cleansing products containing salicylic acid or alpha hydroxy acids to unclog the pores.

• Do regular peels (twice or three times a week). Such exfoliating products as scrubs, masks or gel peels may help in closed comedones removal. Apply them all over the face with circular motions. Special attention should be given to the problem areas such as forehead, nose and cheeks.

• Moisturize with hydrating restorative cream. Even oily and mixed skin requires moisturizing.

• Use sunscreens to protect your complexion from harmful UV radiation.

Following products facilitate removal of closed comedones:

1. Exfoliating foaming gel or cleanser
Exfoliating foaming gels are facial products improving epidermis texture. They are excellent at whiteheads removal. Such cleansers peel dead cells away and unclog pores. They are extremely useful for improving oily skin and blemishes, especially closed comedones. You may find exfoliating cleansers designed for sensitive or acne-prone skin. There is a big variety of such products on the market. Choose cleansers to contain AHAs, BHAs or glycolic acid since they peel gently but thoroughly and practically digest blemishes away.

2. AHA or AHA/BHA scrub
Peeling gels to contain AHAs gently remove dead epithelium and treat closed comedones, acne, fine lines and wrinkles and age issues. They have rejuvenating properties. These products make use of natural fruit acids and some non-abrasive micro-beads to gently peel and promote silky soft, even and well-nourished tissue.
Gently rub 2-3 teaspoons of AHA/BHA scrub into your skin for 1-2 minutes. Let it work for 15-20 minutes. Repeat treatment about 2-3 times a week to defeat whiteheads. Make sure you’ve rinsed scrub remains away. Don’t forget to follow scrubbing with toner and moisturizing face cream.

3. Exfoliating night cream
Exfoliating night сreams are universal products bound to improve complexion. They contain Alpha hydroxy acids concentrated up to 15%. Such products can also involve salicylic acid and retinoids to eliminate whiteheads and comedones.

Peeling night creams cleanse pores and moisturize leaving your skin silky smooth. They facilitate dirt and dead cells removal, prevent open and closed comedones and promote renewal processes in dermis.

Follow all instructions on a bottle, don’t over peel to prevent irritation. Choose lightweight products that won’t cause oil build-up. Recommended application frequency is from one to two times a day. Put cream on clean face avoiding area around the eyes. Excessive exfoliation can lead to more open and closed comedones and acne. Apply sunscreen afterwards if you have used cream during the day.

4. Reconstructive moisturizing cream
Reconstructive moisturizing creams are oil-free products designed for susceptible to acne, blemished, dry skin. They are intended to foster dermis recovery from anti-acne treatments. Such products restore epidermis strength and protection, normalize hydrolipidic balance, moisturize and soothe, stop itching and foster whiteheads removal.

5. Sunscreens
These products protect dermis from harmful UVA and UVB radiation and promote even complexion. You can find sunscreens matching any skin type. Choose products with light oil-free formula and SPF of 25 or higher.

Apply sunscreen 30 minutes before going out. Sun protection products are intended for frequent use. Follow product notice.

Precautions

Exfoliating products to facilitate whiteheads removal should be applied carefully. Don’t use many products at a time to avoid adverse reactions. Excessive exfoliation can cause hypersensitivity, redness and dryness. Stop using peeling products if you have experienced over-exfoliation symptoms.

Remember that clogged pores treatment requires time and patience. Time needed for complete removal of whiteheads (closed comedones) varies from person to person depending on the condition severity, condition type, choice of products and other outer factors.

Comedonal acne

Comedonal acne is one of the non-inflamed acne forms. Depending of the nature of comedones manifestations, comedonal acne can be mild, moderate or severe. The form is determined with the help of visual inspection including the number and structure of acne elements evaluation, sebum secretion, keratinization and keratosis processes level evaluation. In most cases, the appearance of comedonal acne does not involve the inflammatory process or pathogenic microflora development.

Causes

The main morphological elements are single comedones. Comedones can be open and closed depending on their formation. Open comedones appear in the case when sebum, dead skin cells and dirt accumulate in the pore at skin surface. As a result of sebum oxidization these clogs become darker and form a blackhead. Closed comedones are the small light-yellow nodules slightly protruding above the skin surface.

Closed comedo (or whitehead) forms due to the sebum and keratosis products accumulation deep into the hair follicle. As a result, sebum oxidization becomes impossible but favorable conditions for anaerobic pathogenic bacteria growth appear. This causes the development of inflammation and suppuration processes. As a rule, comedonal acne appears in people suffering seborrhea and various acne forms. Comedonal acne can also occur as a result of sun exposure and other physical factors.

As atrophy of sebaceous glands takes place, comedones transform into dense blackheads and cysts, resulting in hair follicles expansion. The skin thickens and becomes rough due to the elastic fibers amount decrease. A correct diagnosis is very important to determine an adequate treatment. Therapeutic methods used for papules, pustular and nodular-cystic formations are inappropriate for comedonal acne treatment.

Open and closed comedones

Micro-comedones are primary microscopic clusters of sebaceous glands secretion formed due to the hair follicle partial blockage. The blockage is caused by corneocytes (surface skin cells that constantly shed). Micro comedones are hardly visible on the surface of the skin.

Closed comedones (whiteheads) form due to the further sebum accumulation and its pressure on the clogged follicle. The main feature of closed comedo formation is nodules formation beneath the skin surface. Inflammatory processes are not very active, however favorable for anaerobic propionibacterium conditions cause superficial skin layers inflammations. Therefore, closed comedones are often called “time bomb”.

Open comedones (blackheads) form due to the continuous accumulation of sebum and corneocytes in the sebaceous gland leading to the hair follicle atrophy. The sebum becomes thick and over-saturated by korneocytes and can not be moved to the skin surface forming a dark plug. This plug is made of densely packed corneocytes (dead ckin cells), sebum (skin oil), propionic bacteria and staphylococcus.

Comedonal acne treatment

In the case of comedonal acne dermatologist usually recommend to remove cosmetics properly, stop using comedogenic skin care products and use comedolytic treatments like retinoids or Alpha and Beta Hydroxy Acids. The recommendations and algorithm of various acne forms treatment commonly include following medications: in the case of mild acne – topical retinoids, topical antibiotics, in case of moderate acne – topical retinoids and/or benzoyl peroxide. As an alternative means different products containing azelaic acid, AHAs and BHAs, benzoyl peroxide and hormonal therapy can be used.

How to Treat Whiteheads?

To treat closed comedones (or whiteheads) once and for all one should know what is causing it. Whiteheads phenomenon hasn’t been fully elucidated yet. Nevertheless, dermatologists claim that whiteheads are caused by hardened sebum amassing in the skin pores. Closed comedones formation is frequently explained by bacterial impact to the closed skin pore.

Treating tips

Essential advice on treating whiteheads:

Leave closed comedones extraction to professionals, i.e. estheticians or dermatologists.
Use gentle oil-free cleansers and wash your face twice a day to prevent formation of whiteheads.
Don’t try to squeeze them out or pick at a comedo to avoid inflammation expansion and skin wreckage leading to reddish scars.

- Employ face creams and moisturizers which involve salicylic acid.
- Give preference to antibacterial health-and-beauty aids.
- Make sure your skin care products contain benzyl peroxide, salicylic acid or AHAs.
- Try to maintain your skin as clean as possible to avoid whiteheads occurrence.
- Drink more water to hydrate your skin and get rid of the toxins embedding your skin.
- Apply toner after face cleansing two times a day to close the pores.
- Consider that whiteheads differ from blackheads by the clog characteristics. Blackheads are partly clogged pores while whiteheads are totally blocked pores.
- Remember that whiteheads can fade away by themselves shortly after forming.
- Always remove make up remains before going to bed to avoid pores clogging which leads to formation of closed and open comedones, spots and rash and decreases the effectiveness of treatment applied.
- Keep away from harsh facial cleansers, soaps and lotions.
- Choose noncomedogenic and nonacnegenic health-and-beauty aids.
- Avoid oil-based makeup precuts that provoke the oil buildup in the follicles.
- Keep in mind that the looks of your skin are greatly affected by your skin care routine.
- Apply sunscreens or sunblocks with minimum 15 SPF every day even in winter to secure your skin from destructive impact of the sun.
- Try not to touch your face too often to prevent inflammation and bacterial transfer.
- Develop a habit of regular facials to maintain clean pores.
- Apply cleansing masks once or twice a week.
- Work out your skin care and eating habits and develop such lifestyle that will help you to make your skin clean and treat whiteheads.
- Tight clothes, hats, helmets and other items can make your whiteheads problem more complicated.
- Excessive friction and heat result in accumulation of bacteria and filth in skin pores, contributing to closed comedones expansion.

If whiteheads still don’t recede you should check up other factors provoking such skin condition. Environmental issues can impede your attempts to treat closed comedones. General contamination tends to irritate the skin and zeros your anticomedo actions.

Home Remedies to Get Rid of Whiteheads

Whiteheads to resemble small whitish pimples on the skin surface can be successfully treated at home. Traditional remedies and recipes play vital part in getting rid of open comedones. Generally known that inappropriate oil removal can lead to whiteheads as hardened sebum (oil) amassing in the skin pores is claimed to provoke their appearance.

Home recipes for whiteheads treatment

Thus, following remedies should be considered to get rid of whiteheads and other minor skin conditions:

1.Drink more water and fruit juices, encompass fresh fruits to your daily menu.

2.Blend freshly plucked fenugreek (methi) leaves with water and apply this mixture as a mask before going to bed. Wash it away as soon as you got up with lukewarm water. This helps to get rid of spots, closed and open comedones, age lining and excessive dryness. You may also apply this paste for 10-15 minutes nightly for similar effect.

3.Puree cornstarch and vinegar and put this mass on comedone-prone areas for approximately 15-30 minutes. Rinse everything with a cloth moistened with lukewarm water to overcome whiteheads.

4.Dissolve a pinch of salt and 2 teaspoons of lime juice in 50 ml of raw (not boiled) milk. Apply obtained liquid as a cleansing lotion for deeper pores cleaning and comedo removal.

5.Blend roasted pomegranate into the powder and dissolve it in freshly made lime juice. Put this on areas prone to whiteheads and other skin conditions.

6.Steam your face at home. You may employ either facial steamer or boiled water in common pan. Incline to hot water tank keeping your head covered with a towel and experience the steam action on your face to cleanse the pores and get rid of whiteheads.

7.Grate potatoes and put them on your face for some time to cure uneven skin, spots and whiteheads.

8.Pour one tablespoon of groundnut oil into one tablespoon of fresh lime juice to avert whiteheads and spots.

9.Blend sandalwood with rose water and put received mixture on acne stricken area. Rinse it with warm water in 20-30 minutes.

10.Mingle beauty grains (can be either obtained by powdering almonds and honey together or bought) and any accessible skin tonic providing it’s free from acids and alcohol. Chafe the mixture into the skin routinely for the best results.

Adding this 10 simple home remedies and recipes to your skin care routines can assist in getting rid of whiteheads and prevent many other skin conditions.

Extraction as Means of Whiteheads Removal

It is important to comprehend what whiteheads are before you start to remove or extract them. Generally, comedo stands for pore clogging. Whiteheads are not pimples though they are similar in appearance. Common acne medication doesn’t suit for their treatment.

Professional extracting experience

Cosmetologists are experienced in impeccable removal of whiteheads (closed comedones) and other acne forms. They employ special techniques and tools for whiteheads extraction, which guarantees minimum risk of skin infection emergence and scarring.

They will steam your face first in order to widen the blocked pores and to make your skin smoother, which helps to make cleansing more effective. Steaming fosters extraction of the comedones (both blackheads and whiteheads) and other spots.

Then they will prick the top of the whitehead with a sterilized needle and press on it gently to help the pus out. This is a standard procedure, often exploit by dermatologists and beauticians for whiteheads removal. It looks like the pimple has been popped but with a higher level of caution.

Comedone remover

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A comedone remover can become the best commitment for whiteheads extraction. It is a tool made of stainless steel designed to enhance removal of the whitehead inflicting minimal damage to the skin. Comedone remover is simple in use. Typically, it is used either right after steaming the face with a hot washcloth or just after a hot bath. This facilitates whitehead material removal. When whitehead starts to come out through the upper layer of the skin one should press the sphere end of the comedone remover over the whitehead to release the mass closed inside the blocked pore. Then your face should undergo cleaning procedure once more to make sure that the pore is totally clean. It is better to use warm water for that.

Medicamentous whiteheads removal

If whiteheads extracting embarrass you it is better to apply special cream or gel for blackheads treating. Some blackheads medication can be of use as well due to the fact that such cure normally includes retinoid to slow down the whitehead formation.

The choice of medication depends on your skin type. Retinoid cream or moisturizing lotion can become a solution. You should consult dermatologist to make the right remedy choice and decide on removal options.
If you don’t accept home treatment visit your dermatologist. Some procedures of whiteheads removal especially concerning extraction of the closed comedones can be performed only by certified doctors.

Face Care Regimen to Get Rid of Whiteheads

Why face care regimen is necessary?

Whiteheads also known as closed comedones resemble small white bumps on the skin surface and occur when epithelium cells plug and close a hair follicle. Whiteheads are often confused with pimples due to similar appearance but former require more care while being removed. It is a bad idea to try to get rid of closed comedones by yourself at home. Whiteheads differ much from pimples and blackheads. Their squeezing can lead to skin damage and lasting reddish scars.

How regimen works?

However, strict skin care regimen performs as a good commitment for getting rid of whiteheads:

- Wash your face twice a day using suitable for your skin type skincare products. Employ facial cleanser containing salicylic acid or alpha hydroxy acids, which should help to unblock the pores.

- Accept skin exfoliating procedure as regimen routine. Apply peeling products twice or three times a week. Put exfoliator all over the face with gentle circular moves paying particular attention to the problem facial areas like forehead, nose and cheeks. Use calm exfoliator containing small microbeads to stimulate production of the new soft and healthy epithelium cells and unblock the pores.

- Moisturize your skin with moisturizer or hydrating cream. This suits for oily and mixed skin as well.

- Steam your face for a couple of minutes every day. This will provide deeper cleansing and debris removal. Steaming widens the blocked pores and makes skin smoother. This will facilitate removal of the the makeup remains, filth, oils (sebum) or other secretions and dead epithelium cells.

- Take advantage of a comedone remover (also comedone extractor). This instrument will help to get rid of comedones and other skin imperfections by eliminating black plugs made of mixed oils and bacteria. Use this tool right after steaming procedure to obtain clean and tender skin.

For those with moderate whiteheads amounts doing nothing can be the best solution since closed comedones often fade away by themselves in a couple of days.
Follow face care regimen and don’t try to get rid of whiteheads by yourself or to squeeze them out. It is better to consult a dermatologist or a beautician beforehand.

Whiteheads

What are whiteheads?

Non inflamed skin pores obstructed by plugs made from sebum or oil and dry skin cells are commonly known as whiteheads or closed comedones. These small white spots triggered by improper work of grease glands can not only spoil the look of your skin but also provoke various problems.

Being covered with top skin layer and dry cells fragments from oxygen closed comedones possess light yellow or white color and often referred to as milia. Whiteheads or milia make the skin coarse and greasy looking, in some cases when clogging is combined with bacteria it can lead to acne and cysts.

Whiteheads may occur on the epithelium body-wide but mostly they are observed on facial area, i.e. cheekbones, nose, temples, forehead. Closed comedones have many causes. Among them are incompetent sebum secretion or skin exfoliation, excessive sunbathing and bad choice of health-and-beauty aids.

It is better to prevent yourself from getting whiteheads by attentive skin care. Though, in case you already have closed comedones, prompt steps should be made to avoid complications.

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Efficient tips for whiteheads prevention and treatment:

- Wash your face at least two times a day using mild soap or gentle facial cleanser and warm water;
- Apply gentle exfoliating scrub once a week to remove dry cells and oil from the pores and prevent their clogging. Oatmeal and curd work best against whiteheads.
- Apply clay mask once a week.
- Use peels which contain hydroxy acid (AHA and BHA peels) periodically to assist skin exfoliation and clean out the pores.
- Use only oil free facial products matching to your skin type.
- Maintain the skin well moisturized with the help of oil-free moisturizers because skin dryness may worsen pores clogging with dry cells.
- Drink more water and juice.
- Try eating fresh fruits and vegetables more often.
- Take glass of water with honey before breakfast every morning to detox your skin.
- Try not to touch the face too often.
- Use less make up to keep the pores unblocked.
- Try to avoid excessive sunbathing and always use sunscreen to protect affected areas.

If nothing helps to lessen the pores clogging and whiteheads appearance you should visit your dermatologist for further medical treatment.