Retinoids are claimed to be the best prescription medication for blackheads. Due to the recent medical research, being form of vitamin A retinoids enhance proper functioning of the skin cells and modify the pore shape to normalize oil flow and reduce probability of clogs occurrence. Among the most common and well-studied retinoids are tretinoin (component of such prescription medications as Retin-A, Renova, and Avita), adapelene (component of prescription drug Differin) and tazarotene (component of prescription drug Tazorac). Named medications can be taken either combined with a BHA product or independently. Studies have shown that tretinoin and adapelene have good impact on pores performance and can be used as effective medication for blackheads and other breakouts. Vitamin A or retinol products are often employed for bleackheads treatment as well but they have no scientifically confirmed effect.
Hormone blockers, birth control pills, and isotretinoin
Such prescription medications as hormone blockers and particular birth-control pills can help in some complicated cases of oily skin by decreasing the levels of androgens that provoke extra oil secretion. Isotretinoin performs as drastic measure when nothing helped, though it finds rare use with doctors if talking about blackheads only.
Progesterone and estrogen to be contained in birth control pills (i.e. Ortho Tri-Cyclen) are certain to reduce testosterone levels, and automatically to decrease the acne manifestations in women. Studies show that approximately 50 % of the lesions fade away. This type of prescription medication can treat a few types of acne.
Though, it is better not to smoke while using oral contraceptives to prevent yourself from heart diseases. Birth control pills have both positive and negative side effects when using them as blackheads medication, so you should consult your doctor before taking them.
Topical disinfectants are of little help
Topical disinfectants like benzoyl peroxide or topical antibiotics are not successful with blackheads removal due to the fact that their formation doesn’t involve bacteria.