Probiotics in comedonal acne treatment

Have you heard that probiotics can decrease the number of comedonal acne injures? Let’s find out whether it is true.

Have you ever thought of your skin importance? Skin is an incredible organ, which protects you from damaging sun activity and environmental pollutions. Moreover, it has capability to regenerate. Your skin is incredibly elastic and flexible.

But your skin is almost defenseless against different kinds of disorders such as comedonal acne for example. They may lead to pimples, which can continue during adulthood; moreover they may cause even permanent scarring.

What are probiotics

Probiotics are microorganisms, which are beneficial for our organism. There two types of probiotics that are commonly used: Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and bifidobacteria. But you also shouldn’t forget about particular types of yeasts and bacilli. Probiotics are usually consumed as an element of fermented foods with active live cultures, such as yogurt or as dietary supplements.

One of the most important probiotic bacteria functions is destroying bad bacteria. Besides, probiotics succeed in neutralizing the activity of acne-causing toxins. They create specific environment in your gut, which leads to pathological bacteria death.
So probiotics minimize core reason of comedones (blackheads and whiteheads) and other acne forms appearance. They limit the number of pathological bacteria and control acne-causing toxins overproduction.

So let’s move on to probiotics main advantages:

They allow the small intestine to provide healthy immunity, increase digestion and constrain yeasts. Probiotics are important for food digestion process, moreover they better minerals absorption.

They are a great advantage for large intestine, safe colon cleaning product which provides healthy liver function. Digestion and immunity improving is also definitely important function of probiotics, but the problem is that the amount of probiotics can be reduced by poor diet, stress and particular drugs.

So the thing you should pay attention to is not the total amount of bacteria but the balance of harmful and beneficial bacteria.

Are the probiotics and comedonal acne related?

The mechanism of acne appearance is the next: toxins create fecund environment in your skin for acne-causing bacteria to multiply. Be aware of the fact that toxins may also disturb the normal functioning of your organs. This may lead to overproduction of specific hormones, which causes the boost of sebum production. And the last one, as you probably guessed, may cause pores blocking and comedonal acne formation (including microcomedones, blackheads and whiteheads). So what we get is more comedonal acne, more bacteria which leads to more inflamed acne formation.

How do probiotics help to treat acne?

There are number of probiotics features which can help in dealing with acne pimples, preventing comedonal acne appearance and keeping your skin healthy. They are:

• bettering digestion
• increase immune system
• control of blood glucose
• support healthy liver function
• oxidative stress and mood
• tissue lipid content
• affecting systemic inflammation

Struggle against acne with the help of Probiotics

According to researches probiotics indeed are capable to reduce the growth of Proprionibacterium acnes bacteria. This bacteria leads to clogged pores inflammation and their transformation to inflamed acne. The effect is greater when use konjac glucomannan compounds.

But in order to get the full healing from acne, only probiotics aren’t enough. Pills and yogurt are really good but that’s not enough. You should seek healthy, acne-free lifestyle.

And probiotics are definitely a step towards your aim. So you should take more actions, for further information consult with your dermatologist.

How can tanning influence your comedones?

Even though tan has the ability to hide different skin problems caused by acne (discoloration, comedones, blackheads, breakouts), it can’t clear your acne.
However there is also a widespread thought that tan can cure acne. The question is whether it is really the truth?

Many of us can’t imagine their summer without lying out in the sun, trying to get such a popular golden tan. Besides, our tanning salons allow us to keep this fabulous golden tan during the whole year.

It is known, that sometimes skin injures are the result of sun activity. This leads to deallocation of free oxygen radicals. Next step is melanin pigment absorbs free radicals and gain brown color. That’s how it saves your skin from DNA injures.

So to make it clear, UV-A radiation leads to changes in skin color and long-lasting skin injures.

There is also another type of sun radiation – UV-B rays. Produced by sunlight, it causes instant skin injures. Even though it doesn’t leads to the immediate change of skin color, it activates the process of melanin production.

How does tanning worsen your comedonal acne?

Nowadays, many of us already aware of the fact that tanning doesn’t consider being safe or healthy. Even though tan has ability temporarily hide different skin problems caused by acne (discoloration, comedones, blackheads, breakouts), it can’t clear your acne. Moreover, heat and humidity influence sebaceous glands and thus you skin is at risk to become oilier and develop more comedonal acne (whiteheads and blackheads) and clogged pores. You may wonder why it should be a problem. Well, probably because more oil means more comedones and breakouts.

To make matter worse, it is known that many products for acne treatment cause photosensitivity. This means that your skin becomes more sensitive to the influence of ultraviolet rays (sunlight, light from tanning beds). So you are in danger to get skin injures, hard sunburns, skin aging and the worst skin cancer.

The truth of Tanning Bed and Comedones

American Academy of Dermatology claimed it wasn’t scientifically proved that tanning beds can lead to acne reduce. Moreover, they say that Tanning beds can actually be the reason of skin cancer.

According to the Nemours Foundation, tan can temporarily darken your skin and thus hide acne. But the truth is it can’t cure the acne.

The usage of sunscreen

The known fact is we should always have sunscreen during tanning. But what is important, this sunscreen should be oil-free. Due to the researches, oil sunscreens can cause pores blocking and further comedonal acne formation. So the best solution is noncomedogenic sunscreens, they can be applied in the tanning booth and worn during the whole day. Noncomedogenic sunscreens don’t cause pores clogging or blackheads and whiteheads appearance.

The compatibility of acne treatment and tanning

According to the Nemours Foundation, in case you have acne or in process of acne treatment, you shouldn’t use tanning booths. Anti-acne medications (antibiotics, tretinoin) are applied to make your skin clean. But they also make it more sensitive to UV rays. You may be in danger of getting skin peeling and redness thus please mind information above.

What about bacteria?

Have you heard about bacteria in the tanning booth? It was proved by the experts at the Johns Hopkins University that there are lots of bacteria in tanning salons, because they are used by many different people every day. And the problem is bacteria may lead to acne appearance or infection of non-inflamed comedones, in case of skin contact.

Moisturizer and Clogged Pores

It is common for people suffering from clogged pores to believe that moisturizing is not necessary, because the skin prone for pores blocking is already oily enough. As a matter of fact, pores clogging is stimulated by excess sebum, but one has to differentiate oil from moisture. Moisturizing problem skin is very important.

So why is moisturizing needed?

The thing is that skin care products fighting acne make skin dried out, which triggers epithelium to create even more sebum – a vicious circle! That’s why moisturizing is important. But buying a moisturizer of a decent quality is a thorough business.

How to choose a moisturizer for the skin prone to comedonal acne

Knowing the following rules will come in hand when choosing a moisturizer, such that it will bring maximum effect to your fight against comedonal acne:

1) Oils are heavy on the skin and cover it with a greasy layer. So you should generally stay away from creams, choosing something lighter and oil free, like lotions. They contain preferably water and bring softer and safer moisturizing for comedonal acne prone skin.

A perfect acne moisturizer won’t plug pores or create comedones – a property called non-comedogenic. It should also be hypoallergenic to avoid allergic reactions.

2) Avoid moisturizers with odors. Components used to perfume the product might cause poor reactions and eventually breakouts. You can find these aggravating chemicals (e.g. parabens) in the ingredients list: they often go just by «perfume» or «fragrance».

3) Nourishing your skin is an inseparable part of moisturizing it. So look for chemicals speeding cell formation and thus lessening inflammation. To such chemicals experts ascribe, among others, copper peptides, essential fatty acids and vitamins A and C.

4) Look for alpha hydroxy acids and salicylic acid in the ingredients list. Used to diminish thin lines and to decrease wrinkle appearance, these chemicals are also used in products fighting acne. By peeling off dead skin cells, they are effective in preventing blocked pores formation. Not only do they remove the impurities, but also smooth the skin, bettering complexion.

5) No one underestimates sun protection these days, but some people still mistakingly assume that sun can help reduce acne by drying out the skin. On the contrary, exposing problem skin to sunlight might provoke redness, inflammation and breakouts.

That is why try to pick a moisturizer with an SPF (sun protection factor) of 15 or more, which will prevent sun burning and acne exasperation.

Treating comedones with azelaic acid

Azelaic acid can be successfully used by people who have comedones (also called clogged pores) and mild or moderate form if inflammatory acne. It is usually used when benzoyl peroxide and topical retinoids are not effective or cause skin irritation.

Azelaic acid possess several effects making it valuable in comedonal acne treatment:

1. Antibacterial effect. It is shown that azelaic acid inhibits the growth of bacteria that cause acne. Azelaic acid containing products have bacteriostatic effect against Propionibacterium acne, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus etc. Using such a products within a few weeks significantly reduces bacteria. At the same time there is no bacteria resistance development observed making azelaic acid treatments effective for the long-term use. The antibacterial action is observed both on the skin surface and deep inside the sebaceous glands preventing blocked pores from inflammation.

2. Keratolytic action. In addiction to the antibacterial action, azelaic acid is very effective in preventing upper skin cells layer keratinization. Its keratolytic action helps to prevent clogged pores formation and comedones (blackheads and whiteheads) appearance due to the slowing keratinization process and comedones destruction. Used topically azelaic acid significantly reduces the number of micro-comedones and comedonal acne.

3. Anti-inflammatory effect. Azelaic acid anti-inflammatory effect is based on the inhibition of free fatty acids production that causes irritating effect and trigger skin inflammation development mechanism. This makes azelaic acid quite effective in preventing comedones inflammation.

4. Azelaic acid is also used for mild and moderate rosacea and some forms of hyperpigmentation treatments.

Main properties:

- Treats acne;
- Antibacterial action against Propionibacterium acne and Staphylococcus epidermidis;
- Decreases free fatty acids in the skin lipids;
- Normalizes epidermal cells keratinization process preventing blocked pores formation;
- Normalizes keratinization processes inside the sebaceous glands;
- Blocks melanin synthesis;
- Inhibits the action of abnormal melanocytes which cause hyperpigmentation;
- Antioxidant activity;
- Reduces the signs of post-acne;

Indications:

- Acne vulgaris (acne vulgaris);
- Seborrheic dermatitis;
- Pathologic Hyperpigmentation;
- Rosacea;
- Chloasma;
- Melasma;

Azelaic acid can be found in following products:

- Skin care products designed for acne-prone skin, skin with rosacea, oily skin, skin with hyperpigmentation;
- Skin care products designed for post-acne removal;
- Skin cleansing products;
- Can be found as a buffer component or pH regulator in cosmetics;

While using azelaic acid containing skin care products a broad-spectrum sunscreens (UVA and UVB) should be used to prevent sun-caused hyperpigmentation and acne disease exacerbation.
Azelaic acid containing products should be used until the complete recover observed; premature treatment termination may cause acne to return or even get worse.

Side effects:

Among the side effects a simple dermatitis is possible but extremely rare.

Retinoids in comedones treatment

Retinoids are derivatives of retinoic acid, syntetic analogs of vitamin A. Being a components of comedonal acne (also called comedones, clogged pores etc.) treating products, they regulate sebaceous secretion and skin cells keratinization processes. The fact that retinoids accumulating in the sebaceous glands reduce inflammation and treat acne is very valuable.

Retinoids possess following effects:

- remove hyperkeratosis;
- lighten the skin;
- improve skin firmness and elasticity;
- diminish wrinkles;
- reduce inflammations;
- speed up healing processes;

Types of retinoids used for acne treatments:

There are several groups of retinoids (generations).

First generation includes retinoic acid derivatives. This group includes retinol, retinal, tretinoin, isotretinoin, alitretinoin. These substances are widely used for acne treatments. They are especially effective in comedonal acne (whiteheads and blackheads comedones) therapy.

The scale of retinoids activity can be presented in the following way (form left to right):

Retinyl palmitate => Retinol (Retinol) => Retinaldehyde (retinal) => Retinoic acid (retinoic acid)

Retinoid called tretinoin reduces sebum production and accelerates skin cells regeneration, inhibits micro comedones formation and promotes closed comedones (whiteheads) into open comedones (blackheads) transformation.

Retinoid isotretinoin inhibits sebum production, prevent microcomedones and blocked pores formation, posess antibacterial and anti-iflammatory effects.

Retinol derivatives are a medication, so their usage cosmetic products is limited while retinol and retinilpalmitat are more common. This is because of that fact the cosmetics, unlike medications, is usually used for a long time and without any medical control.

Retinoids properties:

1. Comedolytic. The application prevents comedonal acne formation and promote closed comedones (whiteheads) into open comedones (blackheads) transformation making them more accessible of other medications penetration.

2. Sebostatic. Reduce sebum production preventing congested pores formation.

3. Normalize cells differentiation. Decreases hyperproliferation of sebaceous gland epithelium and decreases cell adhesion promoting drainage of clogged pores.

4. Anti-inflammatory. Reduces the inflammation around the sebaceous glands.

5. Do not cause toxic reactions.

How to use for comedones treatment:

- apply in a very thin layer only on a dry and clean skin;
- apply a small amount;
- gradually increase concentrations;
- at the beginning of the treatment apply 2-3 times a week, after 2 weeks apply every night or day and night if skin is not exposed to the sun;
- use at least 2-4 month for the best results, as a maintenance therapy use 2-3 time a week for a several month;
- depending on the skin type choose gel ( for oily skin type), cream (for dry skin) or lotion emulsion (oily to combination skin) form;

Contraindications for retinoids usage:

If you want the therapy effects increase, retinoid containing products should be used constantly, it doesn’t cause addiction. However they have some contraindications: sensitive and allergic skin, inflamed skin areas.

Retinoids should not be used by:

- pregnant women;
- those who are taking medications which increase photosensitivity (skin sensitivity to the sun);
- those who take vitamin A;

Retinoids increase skin sensitivity to the sun radiation so the sunscreen should be used. Avoid skin peels and other irritating products including alcoholic solutions and scrubs.

Comedonal acne

Comedonal acne is one of the non-inflamed acne forms. Depending of the nature of comedones manifestations, comedonal acne can be mild, moderate or severe. The form is determined with the help of visual inspection including the number and structure of acne elements evaluation, sebum secretion, keratinization and keratosis processes level evaluation. In most cases, the appearance of comedonal acne does not involve the inflammatory process or pathogenic microflora development.

Causes

The main morphological elements are single comedones. Comedones can be open and closed depending on their formation. Open comedones appear in the case when sebum, dead skin cells and dirt accumulate in the pore at skin surface. As a result of sebum oxidization these clogs become darker and form a blackhead. Closed comedones are the small light-yellow nodules slightly protruding above the skin surface.

Closed comedo (or whitehead) forms due to the sebum and keratosis products accumulation deep into the hair follicle. As a result, sebum oxidization becomes impossible but favorable conditions for anaerobic pathogenic bacteria growth appear. This causes the development of inflammation and suppuration processes. As a rule, comedonal acne appears in people suffering seborrhea and various acne forms. Comedonal acne can also occur as a result of sun exposure and other physical factors.

As atrophy of sebaceous glands takes place, comedones transform into dense blackheads and cysts, resulting in hair follicles expansion. The skin thickens and becomes rough due to the elastic fibers amount decrease. A correct diagnosis is very important to determine an adequate treatment. Therapeutic methods used for papules, pustular and nodular-cystic formations are inappropriate for comedonal acne treatment.

Open and closed comedones

Micro-comedones are primary microscopic clusters of sebaceous glands secretion formed due to the hair follicle partial blockage. The blockage is caused by corneocytes (surface skin cells that constantly shed). Micro comedones are hardly visible on the surface of the skin.

Closed comedones (whiteheads) form due to the further sebum accumulation and its pressure on the clogged follicle. The main feature of closed comedo formation is nodules formation beneath the skin surface. Inflammatory processes are not very active, however favorable for anaerobic propionibacterium conditions cause superficial skin layers inflammations. Therefore, closed comedones are often called “time bomb”.

Open comedones (blackheads) form due to the continuous accumulation of sebum and corneocytes in the sebaceous gland leading to the hair follicle atrophy. The sebum becomes thick and over-saturated by korneocytes and can not be moved to the skin surface forming a dark plug. This plug is made of densely packed corneocytes (dead ckin cells), sebum (skin oil), propionic bacteria and staphylococcus.

Comedonal acne treatment

In the case of comedonal acne dermatologist usually recommend to remove cosmetics properly, stop using comedogenic skin care products and use comedolytic treatments like retinoids or Alpha and Beta Hydroxy Acids. The recommendations and algorithm of various acne forms treatment commonly include following medications: in the case of mild acne – topical retinoids, topical antibiotics, in case of moderate acne – topical retinoids and/or benzoyl peroxide. As an alternative means different products containing azelaic acid, AHAs and BHAs, benzoyl peroxide and hormonal therapy can be used.

Facial Cleanser and Clogged Pores

To get rid of annoying clogged pores and comedones one should perform deep cleansing with a special product called cleanser. First of all let’s find out what are comedones or blocked pores.

How do comedones form?

Renewal processes constantly occur in epidermis. Old cells peel off as soon as new ones form. Flat epithelium cells often mix with sebum and develop clogged pores.

Closed clogged pores are called whiteheads or closed comedones. Open blocked pores darken due to exposure to the oxygen. They are called blackheads or open comedones.

How to remove clogged pores?

Clogged pores’ cleansing takes time. Several treatments may be needed for achieving the subtlest results. When skin becomes properly hydrated pores start to properly perform their exfoliating function. To facilitate clogged pores removal, hydrate your skin, exfoliate and do deep pore cleansing.

What is cleanser and how to use it?

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Cleansing procedure requires appropriate facial cleanser. Cleanser is a skin care product designed for removing make-up remains, dead cells, sebum, dirt and other debris. It is assumed to be better than bar soap for debris removing. Facial cleanser should be used twice a day to prevent blocked pores. Apply cleanser in the morning and before going to sleep to ensure that your complexion is free of cosmetics remains, debris and sweat that can provoke comedones.

Clogged pores are likely to occur on poorly cleansed skin. All debris should be removed to prevent pores from blocking. Using cleansers is not enough for comedones removal. Remains of cleansers should be eliminated as well. Wipe your face with a cotton pad soaked in alcohol-free toner or skin conditioning hydrosols after deep cleansing procedure. Avoid rubbing. Just go on with fresh cotton pads till they are left clean.

How to choose appropriate cleanser?

Cleansers are widely available and you may choose suitable product with no problem. Avoid harsh and abrasive facial cleansers while treating comedones. Your skin is already irritated and such products can make things worse. Utilize mild cream or gel-based cleansers. You may even employ gentle scrub if you don’t have severe acne breakouts.

A good idea is to utilize non comedogenic oils (castor, olive or jojoba oil) for clogged pores cleansing. Such oils won’t lead to blocked pores.

Choose cleansers designed particularly for people who have prone to clogged pores complexion. They normally contain benzoyl peroxide, alpha hydroxy acids or salicylic acid, which are good at comedones elimination. It is believed that such cleansers are the most successful complement to prescription medications for acne and blocked pores. Still, deep cleansing is considered to be an efficient procedure for clogged pores and comedones treatment.

Benzoyl Peroxide for Clogged Pores Treatment

Benzoyl peroxide is a success at clogged pores and comedones removal and prevention. It is present in almost all medications designed for eliminating blocked pores.

Benzoyl peroxide is often used for treating blackheads and whiteheads. Most widely available anti-comedo products such as Clearasil and ProActiv contain benzoyl peroxide. Although it was one of the first elements to be evidenced to treat blocked pores, benzoyl peroxide is still widely recognized as effective anti-comedo means.

Most over the counter products and strong prescription medications to remove comedones contain benzoyl peroxide. It is claimed to be number one treatment for comedonal acne and other acne forms acne elimination. Low concentrated cleansers, gels and lotions and strong benzoyl peroxide creams work similarly.

Benzoyl peroxide in action

Clogged pores are the pores blocked with dead epithelium cells and debris. When bacteria gets into such pore and triggers inflammation process, clogged pore transforms into acne. These bacteria are called Propionibacteria acnes, or P. acnes. P. acnes are anaerobic, they can’t stand oxygen. Benzoyl peroxide promotes oxygen into the pore and kills bacteria. When there are less bacteria, less breakouts occur.

Benzoyl peroxide cleanses pores from flat dead cells and debris, which reduces the possibility of comedones and clogged pores occurrence. Thus, benzoyl peroxide performs as preventive medication for comedonal acne.

Application instructions

Benzoyl peroxide can treat blocked pores, comedones and acne of different severity. It is recommended to begin with lotion or gel of 2.5% concentration. Higher concentrations can cause irritation. Proceed with stronger benzoyl peroxide products after your skin has got used to milder ones but didn’t show dramatic results.

Popular practice involves application of a thin layer of benzoyl peroxide lotion over clean dried skin. This procedure may be performed once or twice a day. Lotion should be put on all acne affected areas to remove and prevent the condition. Avoid it for treating spots.

Side effects

Benzoyl peroxide application often causes slight dryness and peeling. Oil-free moisturizing lotion may help to get over these side effects. Though, excessive dryness and flaking, soreness and burning are possible as well.

Skin as a rule becomes resistant to dryness and flaking as benzoyl application consequences within a week. Swelling, burning, excessive flaking and itching are rarely met. Skin sensible to benzoyl peroxide needs gradual treatment introduction. Start with low concentrated products. After skin gets used employ products with higher concentrations to reach more success at removing clogged pores and comedonal acne.

If you have discovered active reaction on benzoyl peroxide treatment but want to get rid of blocked pores and comedones, use lower concentrated products or lessen a number of procedures.

Glycolic Acid against Clogged Pores and Comedones

Glycolic acid peel is known to gently exfoliate the skin, prevent clogged pores and remove both types of comedones: blackheads and whiteheads. It excites production and growth of new cells to replace dead flat epithelium cells. Glycolic acid lotions are utilized not only for cosmetic purposes. Face washes and lotions to contain glycolic acid exfoliate, treat blocked pores, facilitate moisturizing, prevent and cure skin conditions in all skin types.

Gain healthy skin with glycolic acid

Glycolic acid is employed in cosmetics due to its ability to make skin look healthier. It is a success at treating inflammation, removing dry dead cells and exciting moisturizing processes. Named benefits are major advantages of glycolic acid products.

Clean follicles and pores from debris.

Glycolic acid products help to get rid of dead cells. This aids in maintaining clean pores and follicles. Sebum doesn’t meet any obstacles on its way out of the dermis like it happens in unclean skin. Dead cells, sebum and debris don’t accumulate. In such a way glycolic acid prevents clogged pores and comedones, both blackheads and whiteheads, from forming. Apply alpha hydroxy products two times a week to nourish your skin and make it healthy looking.

Designated for blocked pores and comedones removal treatments to include glycolic acid don’t kill bacteria. It is better to combine glycolic acid with salicylic acid to gain good effect against blackheads and whiteheads. Both acids cleanse complexion and maintain pores unblocked, which prevents sebum plugs and bacterial infection to cause inflamed acne breakouts.

Remove clogged pores to avoid acne vulgaris

Glycolic acid treatments are good allies in fight against clogged pores, comedones, both whiteheads and blackheads, and acne. They remove the cause of blocked pores preventing acne from forming. Glycolic acid reduces the signs of aging and restores collagen and elastin – prerequisites to youthful complexion. You may not only successfully cure clogged pores, comedones, both blackheads and whiteheads, and acne but also impede aging and blemishes with glycolic acid treatments.

Scrub for Fighting Comedones and Clogged Pores

Mechanism of clogging

To comprehend how facial scrub can reduce clogged pores and comedones one should get an insight into the mechanism of blocked pores development.

Skin can produce extra natural oils that combine with dirt and dead cells, accumulate and provoke blackheads and whiteheads. Reproduction of natural bacteria on skin may lead to infection. This process triggers white blood cells production. Oils, dead epithelium cells, bacteria and white blood cells put together inevitably result in comedones and acne. You may avoid clogged pores appearance by employing some particular treatments.

Facial scrubs

Facial scrub is a perfect treatment for comedones and blocked pores. It is intended for frequent use. Scrub typically contains micro-beads and nurturing elements that cleanse, gently exfoliate and improve complexion. Continious usage helps to beat comedones.

Most common comedones – blackheads – are nothing else but combination of dirt, oils and dead flat cells accumulating in pores. Good facial scrub works by eliminating pore blockades and stimulating skin renewal. Try not to overdo scrubbing as it may damage your skin. Optimal procedure frequency is once a week.

Test scrub or peeling cream on your hand in advance. Give preference to scrubs that make use of very fine grains or particles. Avoid scrubs to encompass rough particles that scratch and irritate the skin. Use peels with caution once or twice a week to get rid of blocked pores. More frequent scrub application may lead to irritation, redness, crusting, etc.

Don’t scrub inflamed acne!

Scrub will do no good for inflamed covered with acne skin. Most people believe that scrub will help to cleanse out infected pores and lessen breakouts. In fact, vigorous scrubbing tends to exacerbate irritation and redness, worsen inflamed complexion and provoke even more comedones. If you suffer from acne, especially inflamed, avoid scrub application. Facial scrub contains small particles (i.e. ground nuts) that scratch acne blemishes and exacerbate the problem. Cut comedones need more time to heal and can carry pus to other face areas and infect them.

Though, acne affected skin should be peeled regularly. You may choose between product options that don’t involve abrasive, irritating components like facial scrubs. Among them are: retinoids (Retin A, Differin), salicylic and alpha hydroxy acids, mild chemical peels. Named products will remove dead epithelium cells, clear clogged pores and prevent comedones from forming even better than scrub could do.

Cosmetic Acne and Pores Clogging

How cosmetics clog pores?

Cosmetic acne can strike everyone, even people who are resistant to acne manifestations. Cosmetics cause clogged pores (comedones). Most make up is usually removed during the day by clothes and rubbing, but some stays in the skin pores, builds up and provokes blocked pores, which inevitably leads to acne. Acne forms in a few weeks. Those who have sensitive skin or allergic reactions to any cosmetics ingredients are likely to get more severe acne in shorter time.

Cosmetic acne peculiarities

You can tell cosmetic acne by numerous small whiteheads on cheeks, chin and rarely forehead. Normally, it doesn’t leave scars, but it can be hard to get rid of cosmetic acne.

Cosmetic acne considerably differs from common acne by the cause of appearance. The latter is triggered by accumulation of oil, dead cells and bacteria while the former is caused by the impact of pore clogging products.

Many cosmetics are claimed to be anti-comedogenic. Stick to them if you suffer from cosmetic comedonal acne or susceptible to sensitive skin problems. This, combined with daily skin care regimen may help to reduce or even remove cosmetic acne and blocked pores.

Everybody can develop cosmetic acne. Since it takes time to appear, most women do not connect appearance of clogged pores to repeated application of particular acne-provoking products. They get into vicious cycle: the more whiteheads appear, the more make-up is applied to conceal acne manifestations. This only causes new breakouts.

Test one new product at a time

Sometimes temptation to try many new products at a time is irresistible. Though, it’s a bad practice. You won’t be able to track back efficiency of each cosmetic product. Good advice is to test new product alone, avoiding application of any other new health-and-beauty aids.

Introduce one new product to your beauty regimen at a time. If you notice any acne manifestations within a few days after application stop using the product and see whether your breakouts will go off. If they vanish, product is likely to be comedogenic and cause clogged pores. You may repeat application to reassure yourself that this health-and-beauty aid leads to blocked pores.

Precautions

Don’t use cosmetics that contain lanolin derivatives, isopropyl myristate or its substitutes, laureth-4 and D&C red dyes. Examine product labels to provide that cosmetic formula is safe and hasn’t been altered lately.

Choose natural products that prevent acne, cleanse debris and open pores without irritation or any other consequences. The one that regenerates damaged tissues will be perfect.

Follow these recommendations to prevent clogged pores and cosmetic acne.

Lactic Acid against Clogged Pores

Treating cflogged pores with lactic acid

Clean blemish-free complexion with no clogged pores is everyone’s desire. To gain desired complexion, employ cleanser containing alpha hydroxy acid like glycolic or lactic acid. Not many people are lucky to have beautiful radiant skin. Clean skin means that superfluous oil residues don’t amass and the risk of blocked pores (comedones) is minimal.

Lactic acid is colorless alpha hydroxy acid (AHA). It can be naturally obtained from fermented milk. Lactic acid is mild by action and perfectly suits for sensitive skin. Though, it is an extremely efficient exfoliant able to remove bleckheads and whiteheads clogged pores and improve complexion.

Being AHA, lactic acid is safe and can be considered natural. It has great peeling properties. Lactic acid peel helps to decrease acne manifestations and sometimes even prevent blocked pores (blackheads and whiteheads). You may employ lactic acid to treat scars as it breaks down the surface scar tissue. It is useful in treating acne marks and spots.

Human skin mantle contains lactic acid. It protects epidermis from bacteria and infection and maintains the balance of pH. Thus, you may utilize lactic acid even for sensitive and prone to allergy dermis.

Choosing the product

Many cosmetic products such as lotions, cleansers, peels contain lactic acid. They make use of its peeling, smoothening and moisturizing properties. These products are helpful within any skin care regimen due to ability of lactic acid to exfoliate dead skin cells, boost cellular turnover, treat blocked pores and moisturize rejuvenating complexion.

Consult your dermatologist on lactic acid exfoliation to make sure it’s safe and worthy to try. You may benefit from home lactic treatment as well but keep in mind that improperly done procedures may harm your skin and cause even more clogged pores.

Foundation and Clogged Pores

Although most cosmetic products are not intended to clog pores (comedones), they often lead to clogging. Foundation is not an exception. Liquid but not water-based foundation is particularly comedogenic. Choose natural mineral based liquid or powder foundation of higher quality or non-comedogenic cosmetics to protect your skin from blocked pores. It is crucial to use foundation of high quality to maintain radiant and luminous complexion.

Mineral Foundation

Mineral foundation is a cosmetic product that contains ground into powder natural earth minerals. Typically, mineral foundation `includes following ingredients: zinc oxide, titanium dioxide and iron oxides. It is available in powder form. Due to natural content mineral foundation is usually free of oils, preservatives, fillers, colorants and fragrances. This determines its non-comedogenic characteristics and makes it perfect for those who suffer from enlarged and clogged pores, blackheads and whiteheads.

Mineral foundation compared to liquid or cream foundations has lighter texture and coverage. It conceals enlarged pores. Moreover, such ingredients as the zinc oxide and titanium dioxide have relaxing and anti-inflammatory effect, which helps to handle acne and other blemishes. Enlarged pores on clean smooth skin are not so noticeable.

Water-based liquid foundation

Water-based foundation is a success at treating enlarged and blocked pores. Such liquid foundations are light by texture and coverage. They don’t cause pores enlarging. Water-based formula doesn’t contain oils and doesn’t clog pores.

Advice on foundation:

- Always wash your face and moisturize with organic moisturizer before applying foundation.
- Choose non-comedogenic brands. Remember that many brands provoke clogged pores (both whiteheads and blackheads).
- Exfoliate regularly, especially, if you are using a heavy foundation.
- Wash foundation remains off your face before going to bed.
- Let your skin rest from make-up from time to time.
- Apply foundation with a concealer or foundation brush. Wash it off thoroughly with brush cleaner or anti-bacterial soap and water every evening.
- Use just concealer and some powder now and then.

If clogged pores still occur, stop using foundation.

Treating Clogged Pores With Salicylic Acid

Clogged pores

Many people that face the clogged pores problem and suffer from unclear skin may find salicylic acid useful. Clogged pores (comedones) trigger whiteheads, blackheads, enlarged pores and inflamed acne. They are caused by fast epithelium cells regeneration. Blocked pores occur when cells that haven’t shed yet block skin pores and hair follicles. Dirt or bacteria added to such blockade leads to inflammation and provokes occurrence of painful pimples.

Facials

If you are seeking for the most relaxing deep-pore cleansing technique, facial products are the best choice. Proper facial often meets the needs of the skin. It is vital to do facials to get tips on skin treatment regarding your skin type. Moreover, facial helps to safely handle the blackheads.

Salicylic acid

Best treatment for oily skin and blocked pores is salicylic acid due to its ability to penetrate into oil. Salicylic acid is also called “fat-loving” or “lipophilic” acid.

Salicylic acid possesses some natural properties helping to deal with the blemishes. Among them are:

1) Germicidal – being key hormone in the plants’ immune system salicylic acid destroys the P. acnes bacteria and fastens healing by providing healthy environment.

2) Antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties. Salicylic acid is contained in aspirin and can be helpful in overcoming redness, acne inflammation and swelling.

3) Oil solubility. Due to this property salicylic acid can penetrate into clogged pores with no additional effort.

Application

Get advantage of salicylic acid products (i.e., gel, lotion or cream) before going to bed. Salicylic acid can control epithelium cells growth, cleaning out pores and preventing blackheads and whiteheads.
Put it on in a thin layer all over your face or on the most affected with clogged pores areas (usually nose, chin and forehead).

Side effects

Salicylic acid peel tends to dry skin fast. Therefore, you should avoid excessive dryness by using non-comedonic moisturizers.
Try salicylic acid treatment if you wish to get rid of clogged pores and don’t forget about side effects.

Acne and Clogged Pores

Acne develops from clogged pores (comedones). Although it can emerge virtually anywhere on the body acne is mostly found on the face. Many forms of acne can be differed. It varies by strength from mild to severe. Mild acne is the most common form. It is usually self-treated and easy to handle. More severe acne breakouts require professional supervision.

Although pimples are the most widespread form there are other forms of acne. They can be divided into two groups, namely, non-inflammatory and inflammatory acne.

Non-inflammatory acne:

Two types of non-inflammatory acne (aka clogged pores or comedones) can be specified: fully clogged pores (closed comedones, whiteheads) and partly clogged pores (open comedones, blackheads).

Closed comedones or whiteheads appear when hair follicle is blocked underneath the skin. This acne eruption looks like tiny whitish bumps right under the skin.

Open comedones or blackheads appear when the clog enlarges itself and breaks through the skin surface. Such blocked pores are dark by color due to melanin build up. Amazingly, blackish appearance has nothing in common with debris or dirt.

Inflammatory acne

Most skin conditions are triggered by accumulation of sebum and dead cells near the hair follicle, leading to pore blocking. Clogged pore inflammation can be caused either by bacteria infection or irritation from squeezing. You can tell inflammation by reddening, swelling and pain. Four types of inflamed acne can be specified:

1. Papule is the mildest form of inflamed acne. It looks like a small solid pinkish bump and is frequently gentle by touch. Papules are considered an intermediary between inflammatory and non-inflammatory acne.

2. Nodules are big aching lesions. Acne of this type is filled with fuss and sits deep in one’s skin. It occurs when comedo expands further to skin, which activates the immune defense producing pus.

3. Pustules are tiny round lesions resembling papules. Though, they are often inflamed to a large extent and fester. In this case inflammation is caused by chemical irritation from sebum components (e.g. fatty acids) but not by bacteria.

4. Cysts are extremely large and inflamed acne. Indeed, they are referred to as the most severe form of acne. Cysts can be depicted as tender by touch, fluid-filled bumps under the dermis surface. They are really painful. Initially, cysts develop similarly to nodules: they stem from the deep break in the follicle wall. Subsequently, a membrane forms around the infection that has affected the skin. Then cyst starts its way to the surface injuring wholesome skin cells and destroying the follicle. This inevitably leads to scarring.

Clogged pores are initial forms of inflammatory and non-inflammatory acne that require proper treatment.

Pore Strips to Remove Blackheads

What are pore strips?

Pore strips are your effective ally in strive against multiple blackheads while comedone extractor (remover) is helpful only in cases of single mature clogged pores and comedones. The appearance of used strips evidences their high efficiency.

Pore strips are means created for removing blocked pores, especially blackheads, on nose, forehead, cheeks and chin. One side of blackhead strip is covered with a film of glue. It binds accumulated debris, oils and sebum. When you remove dried out pore strip everything bound with glue (clogged pores content and blackheads) is removed as well.

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Pore strips efficiency

Outcomes of pore strips application highly depend on your skin type and chosen manufacturer. Problematic skin and improper product can bring zero effect while good pore strips choice is claimed to cause removal of up to 80% of blackheads. In some cases this figure is even more impressive.

Pore strips are the best at comedones removing. Though, they can’t prevent repetitive appearance of blackheads. This should be handled with particular prevention measures: total hygiene, prescription and home blackhead treatments.

Application tips

One should not apply pore strips more often than once in 3 days. Recommended procedure frequency is once a week. Even though pore strips are simple in use, first application can go below expectations.

Application instruction:
- Clean areas affected with blocked pores and make sure you moisturized them properly;
- Soften your skin for better effect. You may get softer complexion by either putting wet and warm washcloth on your face or steaming or taking hot shower;
- Apply the strip over affected by blackheads area and smooth it thoroughly. Make sure there are no unglued spaces or air bubbles below the pore strip;
- Leave the strip till it totally dries. It usually takes 10-15 minutes;
- Take it off afterwards moving from sides to the middle of strip;
- Wash your face and apply disinfector;
- First application of pore stripes can be inefficient because of some mistakes you may make. The next procedure will have better results.

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Unwanted effects

Normally, you will experience some undesirable effects after pore strips removal:
- Some glue can be left on the skin. Wash it away with water.
- Removal procedure can be painful. Be patient. Start from sides and process gradually to the middle.
- Skin might burn and ache after removing blackheads. It indicates that you have extremely sensitive skin. Stop using pore strips or be as careful as possible next time.
- Skin may itch after clogged pores cleansing. It is typical. Apply disinfector (e.g. benzoyl peroxide) and itchiness will vanish.

Follow listed recommendations to overcome your skin problems. Pore strips are the must in fight against clogged pores and blackheads.

Peel-off Mask against Clogged Pores

Clogged pores trigger occurrence of skin conditions, particularly comedones (whiteheads and blackheads). Peel-off mask is of great help to individuals wishing to get rid of blocked pores. Those who manage to maintain their pores clean and unblocked tend to have fewer breakouts and really wholesome looking complexion. You should stick to permanent skin care regimen to prevent clogged pores (comedones) appearance.

Deep-cleaning masks

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Apply deep-cleaning facial mask weekly. Pick the one which is designed particularly for clogged pores removal. You may find masks that can be washed off and peel-off masks. Both mask types are a success at removing clogged pores and promoting wholesome complexion.

Facial masks help not only to remove blackheads and whiteheads but also to eliminate dead cells, which tightens enlarged blocked pores, conceals fine lines and slight wrinkling.

Peel-off masks

Peel-off masks are gel-based as a rule. They need to be peeled off after drying. Peel-off masks are commonly applied to tighten skin by shutting pores and soothe complexion and eliminate comedones preventing acne formation. Peel-off mask can be employed to remove blackheads, whiteheads, dead epithelium cells and superfluous facial hair as well.

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Homemade peel-off masks recipes:

Fruit Peel-Off Mask
Dissolve 1 packet of unflavored gelatin in ½ cup of any heated fresh vegetable or fruit juice or pulp. Wait till the mixture cools down. Put it onto your face then. Peel the mask off when it dries with upward movements starting from your chin.

Benefit from citruses (oranges, limes) or grapes if you have oily skin type and pears, melon, papaya, bananas, avocado or peaches if you are a dry skin owner. This procedure is claimed to remove comedones and clogged pores.

Milk & Gelatin Peel-off Mask
This peel-off mask is a natural treatment for normal skin. It works well against blackheads and whiteheads.
To get rid of comedones prepare the following peel-off mask: steer 1 tablespoon of gelatin into ½ tablespoon of milk. Warm the mixture up in the microwave. Wait till it cools and distribute the mask evenly all over your face with a spatula. Let it work for 20-30 minutes.

Egg White & Gelatin Peel-off Mask
Recipe is extremely effective in cleansing pores and removing blocked pores and comedones (whiteheads and blackheads).

Gently heat 1 tablespoon of gelatin with ½ tablespoon of cold milk in a pan. Wait till they form homogeneous mass. Cool the mass down and steer an egg white into it. Apply cool peel-off mixture onto your face in a thin layer, avoiding areas around the eyes and mouth. Wait for 30 minutes till it dries. Peel it off with gentle movements directed upwards from chin.

Apply any mentioned peel-off mask to get rid of clogged pores and comedones (blackheads or whiteheads) and develop healthy looking skin.

Treatments to Remove Clogged Pores on Nose and Chin

Clogged pores problem insight

Majority of hard to remove skin conditions follow clogged pores (comedones) appearance. There are many treatments for getting rid of blocked pores from nose and chin.

Facial complexion is the most weather affected body skin. Often subjected to sun radiation, winds and cold it becomes susceptible to clogged pores, medically named comedones. Clogged pores often appear in so called T-zone that incorporates forehead, nose tip and chin. Comedones come in two types – blackheads and whiteheads. Untreated clogged pores can grow into serious problem.

Treatments to get rid of clogged pores

Let’s name some effective treatments for removing blocked pores on nose and chin.
Wash your face. Employ a mild cleanser like Cetaphil or a medicated regimen such as Proactive to get rid of clogged pores. Wash your face in the mornings and evenings.

Try baking soda wash. Blend 1/4 cup of baking soda with lukewarm water. Distribute obtained mass in a thin layer evenly on your face. Wait for 5 minutes and rinse it off with apple cider vinegar. Wash your face with warm water afterwards. Spread vitamin E oil on your face with a cotton ball and leave it for a night.

Employ lemon wash. Moisten cotton ball with few lemon juice drops and rub it across nose and chin. Allow complexion to dry and wash your face with cold water. Lemon juice is effective in getting rid of clogged pores. It encompasses natural antiseptics and has detoxifying properties. Lemon juice reduces skin oils, removes brown spots and peels skin.

Utilize thyme wash. Add 1 ½ glasses of boiling water to a bowl with 4 tbsp. of dried thyme. Steep the fusion for 30 minutes, filter it and put into the fridge in a glass bottle. Rinse your face with obtained blend twice a day.

Use alcohol pads. Swipe your face with an alcohol pad after daily wash. The alcohol helps to get rid of oil and unblocks clogged pores on chin and nose prventing acne formation.

Moisturize. Proper moisturizing facilitates in preventing acne breakouts and removing blocked pores. Choose the best combination of washing and moisturizing by yourself. Apply oil free moisturizers.

Steam. Hold your head covered with towel over water steam for 15 minutes. Dry your face then.

Drink water. Drink minimum 8 glasses of water every day. It facilitates complexion in elasticity maintenance increasing its healing properties and self-recovery.

Exfoliate. Apply alpha hydroxy or beta hydroxy acid peels. Both acids tend to exfoliate preventing dead cells from accumulation and removing clogged pores on nose and chin. AHAs dissolve only in water while BHAs are oil soluble. Therefore, betas filter into blackheads and whiteheads and digest dead cells amassed inside.

Do facials. Facials are claimed to remove debris and make-up remains from pores. They imply safe and gentle clogged pores penetration followed by obstructions removal and complexion relaxation. Comedones squeezing or piercing should be performed only under supervision of certified cosmetologist. Don’t press comedones out with dirty fingernails.

Apply astringent. Dip cotton ball into astringent and swipe it over the nose and chin 2 times a day.

Undergo microdermabrasion. Procedure diminishes pore appearance by roughening the skin and removing dead cells that clog the pores. It excites collagen production that contributes to evener complexion.

Protect from sun. Sunlight ages complexion by desiccating it and depriving it of natural elasticity. This causes clogged pores and bacteria reproduction. Apply oil-free moisturizer with a high SPF before going out.

Skip Foundation. Substitute foundation with blemish control powder or a neutral blotting powder that conceal enlarged clogged pores on nose and chin. Foundation makes enlarged pores look bigger, so avoid applying it over problem areas.

Use parsley compress. Pour 8 oz. of boiling water into a large bowl with a bunch of fresh parsley in it. Let fusion brew till it cools. Filter the mixture and immerse cloth into it. Apply the cloth as a compress for 15 minutes. Repeat treatment daily.

Employ burdock root compress. Add 2 glasses of water to 2 handfuls of the dried burdock root. Boil received blend in the saucepan. Then simmer the fusion for 10 minutes. Steep a clean cloth in it and apply the cloth as a compress for 15 minutes or until its gets cold. Repeat procedure every day.

Named treatments have proved to successfully remove skin blemishes and get rid of clogged pores on nose and chin.

Mud and Clay Masks against Clogged Pores

Facial masks containing mud or clay are a good option for those who wish to remove debris from clogged pores (comedones) and treat blackheads and whiteheads. Such mask contributes to smoother, restored facial looks. Choose the most suitable mask type according to your skin type. It will help to treat inherent issues and maximize obtained benefits. 

Mud mask benefits

Mud or clay masks are perfect for oily skin. They dry fast and have detoxifying effect. Mud masks expose clogged pores and remove blackheads and whiteheads. Such mask works by absorbing superfluous epidermis sebum to maintain complexion oil-free and prevent blocked pores, blackheads and whiteheads. Mud and clay masks cleanse your face and excite circulation.

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Mud mask types

Mud masks are differed on the basis of which mud or clay they contain:

Deas sea mud: Pure minerals obtained from the depth of the ocean are combined for the best removal of clogged pores, whiteheads and blackheads preventing inflamed acne formation.

Kaolin clay: It happens to be white, yellow and pink. Each color stands for particular effect. White kaolin is the gentlest, which makes it the best solution for dry skin. Pink Kaolin is less gentle but still can be utilized for dry, sensitive and normal skin treatment. It has exactly the same benefits as white kaolin. Even the strongest yellow kaolin can be used to remove blackheads and whiteheads on complexion of all types.

Blue & Red Montmorillonite Clay: The best choice for eliminating blocked pores on oily complexion.

Moroccan Red Clay: This clay possesses astringent properties apart from cleansing, detoxifying and circulation exciting effects. Moroccan Red clay is to be avoided by individuals with either sensitive or dry complexion.

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Mud mask application and useful tips

Make sure you have applied mud mask on clean face. Eliminate dirt and grime with the help of face wash or any other cleanser in advance. Wipe your skin gently and put the face pack on. Relax and try to avoid speaking and laughing while the pack is on. Skip areas around the eyes. Rinse the mud mask off with cold water and then scrub mask remains away.

You may also blend 20g of any mud or clay with warm (boiled beforehand) water into puree. Distribute mud evenly skipping the delicate areas around eyes and mouth. Wait for mask to dry and rinse it off with clean lukewarm water. Follow mask application procedure with toner then towel your face and finish with moisturizer.

These easy-to-follow mud or clay mask application tips are certain to enhance removal of clogged pores, whiteheads and blackheads.

Steaming against Clogged Pores

Why steaming is essential?

Steaming is needed to treat clogged pores (comedones) provoked by improper sebum secretion, environmental issues and dirt. Steam baths are extremely helpful in acne fighting.

To prevent clogged pores from inflammation you should unblock and cleanse them. Although you may use pore cleanser for this purpose, there’s nothing better than modest homemade facial steam.

Steaming is known to deeply cleanse pores and develop young skin looks. Thus, it helps to remove comedonal acne (open and closed comedones) and spots from the face. Steaming is essential for eliminating debris from skin.

How to steam?

Wash your face for better effect. Cover your head with a towel and hang it above a pot with recently boiled water. You may pour a few drops of essential oils such as lavender oil into the pot to increase the impact. Change positions or make pauses not to get overheated. Normally 5-10 minutes is needed to open all pores. Apply astringent then to cleanse your complexion. Rinse your face afterwards to close pores. Debris will have been removed with the steam.

Three products can be utilized to clean blocked pores after steaming procedure. Among them are: cleansing strips, mask or peel.

Taking steam bath provides similar effect.

How to close pores?

Steaming not only clears the skin like facial peels but also exposes the pores and enhances impurities removal.

Common pore cleansers can open blocked pores, but they fail to protect opened pores from dirt. You need astringent mask (i.e. orange mask) to close pores after steaming. Facial toner suits the purpose as well. It closes pores preventing blackheads and whiteheads from formation and conceals lining and wrinkles.

Steam baths

Steam bath is a room designed to experience wet sessions with temperatures reaching 44C. People recline within steam baths to overcome common health problems. It calms sore muscles, treats clogged pores and induces relaxation. You may undergo this procedure either in hospital, medical center or salon. Furthermore, it is possible to buy personal steam bath cabinet.

Everybody who is leading healthy life and has no contraindications can benefit from steam bath. It is good at acne overcoming. Steam bath opens blocked pores, promotes skin relaxation and removes mild acne completely in 1-2 weeks.

Precautionary measures:

- Consult your doctor before taking steam bath if you suffer from heart problems or any critical disease;
- Don’t recline within steam bath more than 15-20 minutes;
- Drink water and eat salty foods to compensate mineral loss through perspiration.
- Utilize essential oils while having steam bath

It is vital to undergo steaming procedures and take steam bath regularly to treat clogged pores and acne manifestations, rejuvenate skin and conceal wrinkling.

Cosmetic Ingredients to Clog Pores

Cosmetic Acne

Clogged pores (comedones) caused by certain cosmetic ingredients lead to spots and acne. Cosmetic producers claim that their goods don’t cause comedones just to boost sales. We gullibly buy such products to overcome skin conditions.

Cosmetic acne strikes both males and females aged from teens to early thirties. You can tell it by small whiteheads emerging in cheeks, chin and forehead areas. It doesn’t lead to scarring but may have considerable consequences. Rubbing irritating oils into your skin pores which are already trying to treat inherent oils provokes blocked pores.

Some cosmetic ingredients cause comedonal acne even in insusceptible skin. Cosmetic acne typically occurs after several months of comedogenic products ongoing application. Thus, it is hard to trace back causative agent. Cosmetic acne sufferer gets trapped: the more blemishes appear the more acne producing make-up is used to mask them.

Comedogenic cosmetic ingredients

Comedogenic cosmetic ingredients don’t necessarily cause pores clogging, especially in those who possess acne insusceptible, normal or dry skin. Comedogenic ingredients position on the label reflects its concentration. The lower it is listed the less its concentration is. Reasonably concentrated comedogenic ingredients are less likely to clog pores.

Three groups of acne-producing ingredients can be advanced:
Lanolins
Lanolins (sheep skin oils obtained from wool) are widely used in cosmetics. They contain fatty acids which similarly to human ones cause acne in comedo prone skin. Such lanolin derivatives as etoxylated and acetylated lanolins employed in cosmetic products lead to pores blocking. Partially synthetic lanolins have better access to skin pores. Pure lanolin oil is bearable.

Isopropyl myristate with its derivatives
Isopropyl myristate is severe penetrating oil to be contained in rust remover Liquid Wrench. It facilitates cosmetics application providing the skin with a film of smoothness and freshness. Though, left in glass for 12 hours it can transfer over glass edge onto the table. There are other cosmetic ingredients resembling isopropyl myristate:  isopropyl palmitate, isopropyl isothermal, putty sterate, isostearyl neopentonate, myristyl myristate, decyl oleate, octyl sterate, octyl palmitate and isocetyl stearate and PPG myristyl propionate.  They are to be avoided as well as surface-active agents, i.e. aureth-4.

Drug & Cosmetic Dyes
Topical researches revealed another pore clogging cosmetic ingredients. Certain red dyes to be contained by blushes produce acne.  Drug & Cosmetic pigments are obtained from coal tar which has been proved to be comedogenic since medics have evidenced that acne was the cost of chimney sweep occupation. Substitute red dyes with carmine which occurs in bug wings.

How to Extract a Whitehead at Home

There are few options for whitehead extraction at home. Whiteheads or open comedones frequently forming in the clogged hair follicles can be pressed out after particular home procedures. Some necessary precaution should be considered

What is whitehead?

Acne provoked by pore blocking is medically known as comedones. There are open comedones named whiteheads and closed comedones named blackheads. Both tend to appear when dead epithelium cells clog the hair follicle while oil glands carry on sebum secretion. Oil produced in such circumstances doesn’t leave the gland due to the blocked follicle and amasses inside the pore, which may give rise to inflammation processes provoked by acne bacteria. Clogged sebaceous glands’ ducts create conditions appropriate for fast bacteria reproduction.

Means for whitehead extraction:

Clean your face and steam it for a couple of minutes before extracting a whitehead, use antibacterial lotion afterwards for desinfection. After pores have been prepared and open comedo has softened pierce it with a sterilized needle. Then squeeze it out carefully with two fingers pressing gently on both sides of a whitehead.

One more option for whiteheads extraction is to dilute grated baby soap with table salt. Gently chafe this mix onto areas affected by whiteheads with soft moistened face brush. Rinse it off after a few repeats. Press out the whitehead next. Try to avoid using your fingernails while extracting. Keep away from squeezing your skin too much since it may lead to lasting scars and veins break.

Mentioned extraction options should free you from blocked pores and provide successful noninvasive home treatment for whiteheads.

In complicated comedonal acne cases it is better to turn to a specialist for professional whitehead extraction instead of home curing.

Microdermabrasion against Clogged pores

Microdermabrasion is often used for treatment of clogged pores medically named comedones. Two types of comedones can be differed: blackheads (partly blocked pores covered with darkened debris) and whiteheads (totally clogged pores). Untreated blocked pores may boil down to acne.

Microdermabrasion profile

Microdermabrasion is effective means against comedones. Term “microdermabrasion” stands for a class of devices designated to remove a very slick skin layer, commonly only stratum corneum. There are plenty of techniques and methods of microdermabrasion. Certain devices employ abrasive shoulders or crystals that eliminate dead epithelium layer while being transferred by suction handpiece along the epidermis surface. Other techniques imply rubbing creams containing rough particles into the skin. Microdermabrasion is often performed along with other procedures such as chemical peels for better pores unclogging.

How microdermabrasion works?

It shrinks enlarged clogged pores roughly and eliminates dead epidermis which blocks pores and increases collagen production as well, which adds smooth looks to the skin.
Microdermabrasion removes dirt clogs from the pores utilizing both skin abrasion and suction processes. First, skin is being polished with a wand or the crystals stream. Then vacuum absorbs dead cells and debris from the pores. Stronger suction is needed for acne treatment. Unclogging of acne pores is a tough task that can be solved only by sandblasting capable to reach deep enough.

Home and professional microdermabrasion

Home treatment has comparable to professional procedure efficiency. Though, you should be confident about chosen product and its application. Consult doctor before starting.
Professional microdermabrasion is claimed to be safer. Numerous home microdermabrasion products provoke comedones. They are made of creams containing components leading to blocked pores. Professional procedure involves only crystal flow with no subsidiary materials. Crystals have brief contact with epidermis and therefore have no consequences.

Contraindications

Microdermabrasion is a widespread, safe, non-surgical procedure. Though, it may be contraindicated to some people.
Try to avoid microdermabrasion in case of spider veins to prevent deterioration. Don’t do microdermabrasion if you have active herpes lesions, inflamed acne or rosacea, open sores, dermatitis, psoriasis, eczema and lupus. If you have been taking Accutane within the last 6 months don’t employ microdermabrasion for clogged pores (comedones) treatment.

Home Remedies for Clogged Pores and Comedones

Clogged pores provoking comedones breakouts on face and body can be treated by both certified medications and home remedies with comparable success. Keep in mind that bacteria affected pores can boil up to scarring. Home remedies for pores unclogging are claimed to be the best for sensitive skin owners.

Let’s list the most common home remedies’ receipts:

Baking Soda Exfoliator (Cleanser):
Blend 1 teaspoon of baking soda with 1 teaspoon of your favorite cleanser or lotion. Put the exfoliator onto your skin with circular motions right after washing and drying your face. Rinse and apply moisturizer.
Sugar scrub
Blend 1 tablesoon of sugar with 1 tablespoon of olive oil and 1 tablespoon of honey. Apply peel on wet face with gentle circular moves. Wash it away using only your hands.
Egg white mask
Apply the mixture of 2 egg whites and a few lemon juice drops on your face and wait for 5-7 minutes. Wash it off with your hands. 
Drying egg whites relieve skin from dirt. Lemon embodies fruit acid to possess peel properties.
Thyme cleanser
Combine approximately 4 tablespoons of dried thyme with one and a half cups of hot water. Let it draw for 30 minutes, filter and leave it in a glass bottle in cold place. Rinse your face twice a day with this fusion.
Thyme cleanses your skin and possesses antibiotic qualities, which is good for inflamed clogged pores.
Burdock Root Compress
Pour 2 glasses of water into the saucepan with 2 handfuls of dried burdock root. Boil obtained blend on a medium heat and simmer 10 minutes more. Plunge a clean cloth into the mixture and apply it as a facial compress for 15 minutes or till it cools daily.
You may purchase dried burdock root at most health food stores. Its astringent properties provide effective oil removal from deep pores.
Parsley Compress
Pour 8 oz. of boiling water into a bowl with a handful of fresh parsley. Wait till blend cools down. Filter obtained mixture, immerse a cloth in it and put it on affected areas as the compress for 15 minutes. Apply such compress on a daily basis even if blemishes fade, to prevent new comedones.
Fresh parsley is one of the best home remedies ingredient for blocked pores treatment. Being natural astringent parsley unclogs pores and removes extra oil from skin.
Clay Mask
Steer 1 cup of blue or seaweed clay and water into dense paste. Wash your face with lukewarm water beforehand to expose the pores. Wipe your face gently. Apply the paste in a heavy layer for 20-40 minutes. Slight tightening and tingling is possible. Rinse the clay mask with lukewarm water. Then splash your face with cool water to close the pores.
You can buy clay online or at health food store. Clay can extend up to 200 times in water due to its absorbent peculiarities. This provides better clogged pores treatment and facilitates removal of impurities and dead epithelium cells from the upper skin layer, exposing young, improved complexion.

Other home remedies for clogged pores treatment

1) Pour a little water into almond meal. Put it on pores for 20 minutes. Wash it off with lukewarm water. Apply witch hazel or mix of apple cider vinegar and water afterwards. 
2) Apply paste made of table salt and buttermilk on problem areas massaging. Rinse it.
3) Apply the mixture of lemon juice, a little milk and oatmeal onto your skin for 20 minutes. Wash it away afterwards. It is better to use other means if you have breakouts.

Steaming
Steaming is good at pores unclogging. You may choose between different options: starting from holding face over a bowl of hot water to taking steamy bathroom or sauna.

You may also employ following mixtures:
* Stir 35 grams of sodium bicarbonate into 1 cup of hot water. 
* Puree potatoes and put it on as poultice over comedo affected areas. 
* Mix baked and ground pomegranate peels with fresh lime juice and apply it on blocked pores. 
* Blend groundnut oil with same part of fresh lime juice and apply this to avoid blackheads.
* Mix fresh lime juice with hot milk and use it as a face wash. 
* Blend powdered drumstick pods and leaves with fresh lime juice and put it on comedones. 
* Combine glycerine soap, fuller’s earth and almond powder in equal proportions.

These simple home remedies embodied to your daily skin care routines will help you to overcome clogged pores and comedones.

How to Treat Whiteheads?

To treat closed comedones (or whiteheads) once and for all one should know what is causing it. Whiteheads phenomenon hasn’t been fully elucidated yet. Nevertheless, dermatologists claim that whiteheads are caused by hardened sebum amassing in the skin pores. Closed comedones formation is frequently explained by bacterial impact to the closed skin pore.

Treating tips

Essential advice on treating whiteheads:

Leave closed comedones extraction to professionals, i.e. estheticians or dermatologists.
Use gentle oil-free cleansers and wash your face twice a day to prevent formation of whiteheads.
Don’t try to squeeze them out or pick at a comedo to avoid inflammation expansion and skin wreckage leading to reddish scars.

- Employ face creams and moisturizers which involve salicylic acid.
- Give preference to antibacterial health-and-beauty aids.
- Make sure your skin care products contain benzyl peroxide, salicylic acid or AHAs.
- Try to maintain your skin as clean as possible to avoid whiteheads occurrence.
- Drink more water to hydrate your skin and get rid of the toxins embedding your skin.
- Apply toner after face cleansing two times a day to close the pores.
- Consider that whiteheads differ from blackheads by the clog characteristics. Blackheads are partly clogged pores while whiteheads are totally blocked pores.
- Remember that whiteheads can fade away by themselves shortly after forming.
- Always remove make up remains before going to bed to avoid pores clogging which leads to formation of closed and open comedones, spots and rash and decreases the effectiveness of treatment applied.
- Keep away from harsh facial cleansers, soaps and lotions.
- Choose noncomedogenic and nonacnegenic health-and-beauty aids.
- Avoid oil-based makeup precuts that provoke the oil buildup in the follicles.
- Keep in mind that the looks of your skin are greatly affected by your skin care routine.
- Apply sunscreens or sunblocks with minimum 15 SPF every day even in winter to secure your skin from destructive impact of the sun.
- Try not to touch your face too often to prevent inflammation and bacterial transfer.
- Develop a habit of regular facials to maintain clean pores.
- Apply cleansing masks once or twice a week.
- Work out your skin care and eating habits and develop such lifestyle that will help you to make your skin clean and treat whiteheads.
- Tight clothes, hats, helmets and other items can make your whiteheads problem more complicated.
- Excessive friction and heat result in accumulation of bacteria and filth in skin pores, contributing to closed comedones expansion.

If whiteheads still don’t recede you should check up other factors provoking such skin condition. Environmental issues can impede your attempts to treat closed comedones. General contamination tends to irritate the skin and zeros your anticomedo actions.

Diet for Clogged Pores Fighting

Why diet?

Among the numerous factors to cause comedones appearance diet performs as the major one. Thus, turning to healthy and nutritious diet can help in clogged pores fighting.

Advanced ration should involve eating a great deal of vegetables, fruits, pulses and other products to entail antioxidants which are known to remove the toxins stored in the body.

Water against clogged pores

Drinking plenty of water is also helpful in comedones overcoming. Take minimum 8 glasses of liquids (i.e., water or juice) to wash the harmful elements away from the body. Water load diet has stimulating action upon kidneys and skin – vital organs in wastes and toxins removal. Since kidneys lead most of wastes out with urine you are unlikely to experience such skin conditions as spots and comedones.

Vitamins to fight blocked pores

Taking vitamins A, C, E, B6 is also helpful in comedones curing. Particularly Vitamin A is known to maintain wholesome skin and prevent clogged pores. Your organism can obtain it from consumed beta carotene. Apricots, carrots, mangoes, spinach and some other fruits saturated with green or orange pigment are rich in beta carotene. It may be found in liver and eggs as well. Vitamin E is extremely good at skin repair.
Include fish and cod liver oil into your diet as it encompasses omega 3 fatty acids to eliminate toxins and other wastes from your body. Polyunsaturated fats are known to regulate blemishes occurrence. Receive them with nuts, seeds and fish oils.

Comedogenic products to avoid

Keep in mind that frequent milk and glycemic products consumption can lead to comedones intensification.

You should avoid following products to prevent clogged pores from forming:

1) Exclude snacks to contain refined sugar from your diet. Give preferences to fresh and dried fruits, hot milk, dates, nuts and other healthy products instead.

2) Eating bare raw vegetables for lunch is not the best idea. It doesn’t contribute to balanced diet.

3) Try to consume less carbonated drinks and caffeine.

4) Eliminate cold foods that have negative impact on metabolism from your ration.

5) Junk food rich in fats and sugars to cause comedones also should be avoided. One eating junk foods doen’t get many essential minerals and vitamins, especially Zinc which controls blocked pores appearance.

To get more Zinc you should include more lean meat and chicken without skin, shellfish, nuts and seeds to your diet.

These diet alterations have been proven to succeed in comedones removal and clogged pores prevention.

Hormonal Influence on Clogged Pores

Formation of comedones and clogged pores is greatly affected by hormonal factors. Hormones, especially androgens developing male traits, control oil secretion in sebaceous glands. Enlargement of oil glands can be the first sign of puberty foregoing acne appearance due to glands’ liability to adrogens.

Emotional factors also contribute to blocked pores development. Thus, stress is claimed to provoke blocked pores occurrence. This can be explained by excessive glucocorticoid production in the adrenal glands which intensifies the impact of androgens. Therefore, pregnancy can sometimes either exacerbate or treat comedones due to rendered hormonal changes.

PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) and clogged pores

PCOS is frequently met among women. That’s why its therapy has been developed over the years. There are four major symptoms of PCOS: spots, testosterone-induced skin, excessive hair on face and body, thinning of the scalp hair. Named disorder can also result in irregular menses, bad metabolism and weight problems.

Female comedones may indicate on PCOS. If you possess some symptoms mentioned better test yourself for PCOS. But still you may suffer from comedones only.
Hormonal Testing

Hormonal testing is a brilliant idea for those who suffer from severe comedones. Competent physician expertise can be of great help in cases of rigorous non medicated acne followed by irregular menstruation, excess hair, or uncontrollable weight changes.

Hormonal therapy

Hormonal therapy diminishes androgens’ influence on the sebaceous glands. This prevents comedones from first breakouts and presents unsurpassed outcomes. Well organized hormonal treatment may heal all comedones even in difficult cases when other means have proved to be inefficient with clogged pores cure.