Mineral make-up and acne

To begin with, mineral make up has a number of advantages. And one of the most profound among them is its friendliness to blemished skin. Another advantage is the fact that mineral make-up is non-comedogenic. This means that its elements are big enough to not to cause pores clogging, so they just stay on the surface. Thus the chances it will cause break out or will aggravate acne are pretty small compared to traditional cosmetics.

Moreover, mineral make-up also in some cases may actually clear your skin.

Comedonal acne and make-up

With minerals it’s all about their ability to provide you long-lasting coverage. The coverage is really lightweight, your skin is able to breathe. While other make up goods include talc or bismuth oxychloride and may cause your skin pores clogging or even injure your skin. The blocked pores may become the reason of acne, skin irritation and permanent scarring.

It is known that blocked pores actually cause acne appearance. So when conventional make up is used further pores clogging is possible and this causes more skin problems.
While mineral make up is known to be non-comedogenic and oil-free.

Moreover, mineral make up includes such ingredients as zinc oxide and titanium dioxide that possess anti-irritant and anti-inflammatory features. Because they are made of natural components, free of chemicals and preservatives, they are gentler on the skin.

The reasons mineral make up helps to decrease congested pores

Inflammation decreasing and Anti-bacterial effects of zinc oxide:

Acne lesion life includes lots of cellular changes, hormonal shifts and immunological reactions within the skin.

Among all these molecular processes, skin tries to control acne aggravating bacteria spreading because it causes inflamed damages.

Zinc oxide is able to improve this bacterial policing. For instance zinc oxide is able actually to decrease the bacteria and reduce inflammation on the skin.

Besides accelerating wound healing, zinc oxide has proven being successful in dealing with facial blemishes.

The drying effect of zinc oxide and titanium dioxide:

Also zinc oxide and titanium dioxide possess another remedial feature, drying capacity. Zinc oxide has peeling and drying effect on the skin and helps to prevent excessive sebum accumulation in the skin pores an on its surface. Alike to it, acne drugs such as isotretinoin (may also be known as Accutane) has a peeling and drying effect on the skin which helps to decrease a patient’s acne damages count and the visibility of acne scarring.

To sum up, one can credit much of the potential acne controlling features of mineral make-up because of the features of zinc oxide and titanium dioxide. Zinc oxide is able to stimulate exfoliation of the skin or boost peeling and decrease inflammation-causing bacteria, intensify exfoliation and correct deficiencies in skin shedding, which cause pores clogging and more pimples.

Also this drying effect is able to decrease the chances of dry, dead skin cells and hardened oils clog the pores and cause acne lesions. Considering this, checking mineral make-up to fight acne is a good idea.

Warnings about Mineral Makeup

You should remember that even though mineral makeup is better for your skin, it still may contain irritants. Please pay attention that due to the fact Mica, Titanium/Zinc Oxides are main compounds of The REAL Mineral makeup, it may cause breakouts, in case you are allergic to named ingredients.

Remember before applying to follow producer’s instruction for patch tests. Also there is a number of mineral makeup brands which are likely to contain bismuth oxychloride. It may cause skin irritation in certain people. Make sure you checked the ingredient label.

The problem is mineral makeup industry doesn’t have strict regulations which means some products may contain chemical substances like fillers, preservatives, binders and even colors and may also consist of non-naturally occurring minerals.

Additional advantages:

Most mineral makeups are known to be good sunscreens. Two basic compounds of most formulas (zinc oxide and titanium dioxide) are also active ingredients in common sunscreen formulas.

Probiotics in comedonal acne treatment

Have you heard that probiotics can decrease the number of comedonal acne injures? Let’s find out whether it is true.

Have you ever thought of your skin importance? Skin is an incredible organ, which protects you from damaging sun activity and environmental pollutions. Moreover, it has capability to regenerate. Your skin is incredibly elastic and flexible.

But your skin is almost defenseless against different kinds of disorders such as comedonal acne for example. They may lead to pimples, which can continue during adulthood; moreover they may cause even permanent scarring.

What are probiotics

Probiotics are microorganisms, which are beneficial for our organism. There two types of probiotics that are commonly used: Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and bifidobacteria. But you also shouldn’t forget about particular types of yeasts and bacilli. Probiotics are usually consumed as an element of fermented foods with active live cultures, such as yogurt or as dietary supplements.

One of the most important probiotic bacteria functions is destroying bad bacteria. Besides, probiotics succeed in neutralizing the activity of acne-causing toxins. They create specific environment in your gut, which leads to pathological bacteria death.
So probiotics minimize core reason of comedones (blackheads and whiteheads) and other acne forms appearance. They limit the number of pathological bacteria and control acne-causing toxins overproduction.

So let’s move on to probiotics main advantages:

They allow the small intestine to provide healthy immunity, increase digestion and constrain yeasts. Probiotics are important for food digestion process, moreover they better minerals absorption.

They are a great advantage for large intestine, safe colon cleaning product which provides healthy liver function. Digestion and immunity improving is also definitely important function of probiotics, but the problem is that the amount of probiotics can be reduced by poor diet, stress and particular drugs.

So the thing you should pay attention to is not the total amount of bacteria but the balance of harmful and beneficial bacteria.

Are the probiotics and comedonal acne related?

The mechanism of acne appearance is the next: toxins create fecund environment in your skin for acne-causing bacteria to multiply. Be aware of the fact that toxins may also disturb the normal functioning of your organs. This may lead to overproduction of specific hormones, which causes the boost of sebum production. And the last one, as you probably guessed, may cause pores blocking and comedonal acne formation (including microcomedones, blackheads and whiteheads). So what we get is more comedonal acne, more bacteria which leads to more inflamed acne formation.

How do probiotics help to treat acne?

There are number of probiotics features which can help in dealing with acne pimples, preventing comedonal acne appearance and keeping your skin healthy. They are:

• bettering digestion
• increase immune system
• control of blood glucose
• support healthy liver function
• oxidative stress and mood
• tissue lipid content
• affecting systemic inflammation

Struggle against acne with the help of Probiotics

According to researches probiotics indeed are capable to reduce the growth of Proprionibacterium acnes bacteria. This bacteria leads to clogged pores inflammation and their transformation to inflamed acne. The effect is greater when use konjac glucomannan compounds.

But in order to get the full healing from acne, only probiotics aren’t enough. Pills and yogurt are really good but that’s not enough. You should seek healthy, acne-free lifestyle.

And probiotics are definitely a step towards your aim. So you should take more actions, for further information consult with your dermatologist.

How can tanning influence your comedones?

Even though tan has the ability to hide different skin problems caused by acne (discoloration, comedones, blackheads, breakouts), it can’t clear your acne.
However there is also a widespread thought that tan can cure acne. The question is whether it is really the truth?

Many of us can’t imagine their summer without lying out in the sun, trying to get such a popular golden tan. Besides, our tanning salons allow us to keep this fabulous golden tan during the whole year.

It is known, that sometimes skin injures are the result of sun activity. This leads to deallocation of free oxygen radicals. Next step is melanin pigment absorbs free radicals and gain brown color. That’s how it saves your skin from DNA injures.

So to make it clear, UV-A radiation leads to changes in skin color and long-lasting skin injures.

There is also another type of sun radiation – UV-B rays. Produced by sunlight, it causes instant skin injures. Even though it doesn’t leads to the immediate change of skin color, it activates the process of melanin production.

How does tanning worsen your comedonal acne?

Nowadays, many of us already aware of the fact that tanning doesn’t consider being safe or healthy. Even though tan has ability temporarily hide different skin problems caused by acne (discoloration, comedones, blackheads, breakouts), it can’t clear your acne. Moreover, heat and humidity influence sebaceous glands and thus you skin is at risk to become oilier and develop more comedonal acne (whiteheads and blackheads) and clogged pores. You may wonder why it should be a problem. Well, probably because more oil means more comedones and breakouts.

To make matter worse, it is known that many products for acne treatment cause photosensitivity. This means that your skin becomes more sensitive to the influence of ultraviolet rays (sunlight, light from tanning beds). So you are in danger to get skin injures, hard sunburns, skin aging and the worst skin cancer.

The truth of Tanning Bed and Comedones

American Academy of Dermatology claimed it wasn’t scientifically proved that tanning beds can lead to acne reduce. Moreover, they say that Tanning beds can actually be the reason of skin cancer.

According to the Nemours Foundation, tan can temporarily darken your skin and thus hide acne. But the truth is it can’t cure the acne.

The usage of sunscreen

The known fact is we should always have sunscreen during tanning. But what is important, this sunscreen should be oil-free. Due to the researches, oil sunscreens can cause pores blocking and further comedonal acne formation. So the best solution is noncomedogenic sunscreens, they can be applied in the tanning booth and worn during the whole day. Noncomedogenic sunscreens don’t cause pores clogging or blackheads and whiteheads appearance.

The compatibility of acne treatment and tanning

According to the Nemours Foundation, in case you have acne or in process of acne treatment, you shouldn’t use tanning booths. Anti-acne medications (antibiotics, tretinoin) are applied to make your skin clean. But they also make it more sensitive to UV rays. You may be in danger of getting skin peeling and redness thus please mind information above.

What about bacteria?

Have you heard about bacteria in the tanning booth? It was proved by the experts at the Johns Hopkins University that there are lots of bacteria in tanning salons, because they are used by many different people every day. And the problem is bacteria may lead to acne appearance or infection of non-inflamed comedones, in case of skin contact.

Moisturizer and Clogged Pores

It is common for people suffering from clogged pores to believe that moisturizing is not necessary, because the skin prone for pores blocking is already oily enough. As a matter of fact, pores clogging is stimulated by excess sebum, but one has to differentiate oil from moisture. Moisturizing problem skin is very important.

So why is moisturizing needed?

The thing is that skin care products fighting acne make skin dried out, which triggers epithelium to create even more sebum – a vicious circle! That’s why moisturizing is important. But buying a moisturizer of a decent quality is a thorough business.

How to choose a moisturizer for the skin prone to comedonal acne

Knowing the following rules will come in hand when choosing a moisturizer, such that it will bring maximum effect to your fight against comedonal acne:

1) Oils are heavy on the skin and cover it with a greasy layer. So you should generally stay away from creams, choosing something lighter and oil free, like lotions. They contain preferably water and bring softer and safer moisturizing for comedonal acne prone skin.

A perfect acne moisturizer won’t plug pores or create comedones – a property called non-comedogenic. It should also be hypoallergenic to avoid allergic reactions.

2) Avoid moisturizers with odors. Components used to perfume the product might cause poor reactions and eventually breakouts. You can find these aggravating chemicals (e.g. parabens) in the ingredients list: they often go just by «perfume» or «fragrance».

3) Nourishing your skin is an inseparable part of moisturizing it. So look for chemicals speeding cell formation and thus lessening inflammation. To such chemicals experts ascribe, among others, copper peptides, essential fatty acids and vitamins A and C.

4) Look for alpha hydroxy acids and salicylic acid in the ingredients list. Used to diminish thin lines and to decrease wrinkle appearance, these chemicals are also used in products fighting acne. By peeling off dead skin cells, they are effective in preventing blocked pores formation. Not only do they remove the impurities, but also smooth the skin, bettering complexion.

5) No one underestimates sun protection these days, but some people still mistakingly assume that sun can help reduce acne by drying out the skin. On the contrary, exposing problem skin to sunlight might provoke redness, inflammation and breakouts.

That is why try to pick a moisturizer with an SPF (sun protection factor) of 15 or more, which will prevent sun burning and acne exasperation.

Products Best for Whiteheads Removal

Whiteheads or closed comedones are a form of acne that spoils complexion and looks. Special products are needed for removal of sebum and dead cells build-up causing clogged pores and acne.

Useful Tips

There are some useful tips you should consider to prevent whiteheads from forming:

• Maintain your face clean. Employ suitable for your skin type cleansing products containing salicylic acid or alpha hydroxy acids to unclog the pores.

• Do regular peels (twice or three times a week). Such exfoliating products as scrubs, masks or gel peels may help in closed comedones removal. Apply them all over the face with circular motions. Special attention should be given to the problem areas such as forehead, nose and cheeks.

• Moisturize with hydrating restorative cream. Even oily and mixed skin requires moisturizing.

• Use sunscreens to protect your complexion from harmful UV radiation.

Following products facilitate removal of closed comedones:

1. Exfoliating foaming gel or cleanser
Exfoliating foaming gels are facial products improving epidermis texture. They are excellent at whiteheads removal. Such cleansers peel dead cells away and unclog pores. They are extremely useful for improving oily skin and blemishes, especially closed comedones. You may find exfoliating cleansers designed for sensitive or acne-prone skin. There is a big variety of such products on the market. Choose cleansers to contain AHAs, BHAs or glycolic acid since they peel gently but thoroughly and practically digest blemishes away.

2. AHA or AHA/BHA scrub
Peeling gels to contain AHAs gently remove dead epithelium and treat closed comedones, acne, fine lines and wrinkles and age issues. They have rejuvenating properties. These products make use of natural fruit acids and some non-abrasive micro-beads to gently peel and promote silky soft, even and well-nourished tissue.
Gently rub 2-3 teaspoons of AHA/BHA scrub into your skin for 1-2 minutes. Let it work for 15-20 minutes. Repeat treatment about 2-3 times a week to defeat whiteheads. Make sure you’ve rinsed scrub remains away. Don’t forget to follow scrubbing with toner and moisturizing face cream.

3. Exfoliating night cream
Exfoliating night сreams are universal products bound to improve complexion. They contain Alpha hydroxy acids concentrated up to 15%. Such products can also involve salicylic acid and retinoids to eliminate whiteheads and comedones.

Peeling night creams cleanse pores and moisturize leaving your skin silky smooth. They facilitate dirt and dead cells removal, prevent open and closed comedones and promote renewal processes in dermis.

Follow all instructions on a bottle, don’t over peel to prevent irritation. Choose lightweight products that won’t cause oil build-up. Recommended application frequency is from one to two times a day. Put cream on clean face avoiding area around the eyes. Excessive exfoliation can lead to more open and closed comedones and acne. Apply sunscreen afterwards if you have used cream during the day.

4. Reconstructive moisturizing cream
Reconstructive moisturizing creams are oil-free products designed for susceptible to acne, blemished, dry skin. They are intended to foster dermis recovery from anti-acne treatments. Such products restore epidermis strength and protection, normalize hydrolipidic balance, moisturize and soothe, stop itching and foster whiteheads removal.

5. Sunscreens
These products protect dermis from harmful UVA and UVB radiation and promote even complexion. You can find sunscreens matching any skin type. Choose products with light oil-free formula and SPF of 25 or higher.

Apply sunscreen 30 minutes before going out. Sun protection products are intended for frequent use. Follow product notice.

Precautions

Exfoliating products to facilitate whiteheads removal should be applied carefully. Don’t use many products at a time to avoid adverse reactions. Excessive exfoliation can cause hypersensitivity, redness and dryness. Stop using peeling products if you have experienced over-exfoliation symptoms.

Remember that clogged pores treatment requires time and patience. Time needed for complete removal of whiteheads (closed comedones) varies from person to person depending on the condition severity, condition type, choice of products and other outer factors.

Treating comedones with azelaic acid

Azelaic acid can be successfully used by people who have comedones (also called clogged pores) and mild or moderate form if inflammatory acne. It is usually used when benzoyl peroxide and topical retinoids are not effective or cause skin irritation.

Azelaic acid possess several effects making it valuable in comedonal acne treatment:

1. Antibacterial effect. It is shown that azelaic acid inhibits the growth of bacteria that cause acne. Azelaic acid containing products have bacteriostatic effect against Propionibacterium acne, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus etc. Using such a products within a few weeks significantly reduces bacteria. At the same time there is no bacteria resistance development observed making azelaic acid treatments effective for the long-term use. The antibacterial action is observed both on the skin surface and deep inside the sebaceous glands preventing blocked pores from inflammation.

2. Keratolytic action. In addiction to the antibacterial action, azelaic acid is very effective in preventing upper skin cells layer keratinization. Its keratolytic action helps to prevent clogged pores formation and comedones (blackheads and whiteheads) appearance due to the slowing keratinization process and comedones destruction. Used topically azelaic acid significantly reduces the number of micro-comedones and comedonal acne.

3. Anti-inflammatory effect. Azelaic acid anti-inflammatory effect is based on the inhibition of free fatty acids production that causes irritating effect and trigger skin inflammation development mechanism. This makes azelaic acid quite effective in preventing comedones inflammation.

4. Azelaic acid is also used for mild and moderate rosacea and some forms of hyperpigmentation treatments.

Main properties:

- Treats acne;
- Antibacterial action against Propionibacterium acne and Staphylococcus epidermidis;
- Decreases free fatty acids in the skin lipids;
- Normalizes epidermal cells keratinization process preventing blocked pores formation;
- Normalizes keratinization processes inside the sebaceous glands;
- Blocks melanin synthesis;
- Inhibits the action of abnormal melanocytes which cause hyperpigmentation;
- Antioxidant activity;
- Reduces the signs of post-acne;

Indications:

- Acne vulgaris (acne vulgaris);
- Seborrheic dermatitis;
- Pathologic Hyperpigmentation;
- Rosacea;
- Chloasma;
- Melasma;

Azelaic acid can be found in following products:

- Skin care products designed for acne-prone skin, skin with rosacea, oily skin, skin with hyperpigmentation;
- Skin care products designed for post-acne removal;
- Skin cleansing products;
- Can be found as a buffer component or pH regulator in cosmetics;

While using azelaic acid containing skin care products a broad-spectrum sunscreens (UVA and UVB) should be used to prevent sun-caused hyperpigmentation and acne disease exacerbation.
Azelaic acid containing products should be used until the complete recover observed; premature treatment termination may cause acne to return or even get worse.

Side effects:

Among the side effects a simple dermatitis is possible but extremely rare.