Mineral make-up and acne

To begin with, mineral make up has a number of advantages. And one of the most profound among them is its friendliness to blemished skin. Another advantage is the fact that mineral make-up is non-comedogenic. This means that its elements are big enough to not to cause pores clogging, so they just stay on the surface. Thus the chances it will cause break out or will aggravate acne are pretty small compared to traditional cosmetics.

Moreover, mineral make-up also in some cases may actually clear your skin.

Comedonal acne and make-up

With minerals it’s all about their ability to provide you long-lasting coverage. The coverage is really lightweight, your skin is able to breathe. While other make up goods include talc or bismuth oxychloride and may cause your skin pores clogging or even injure your skin. The blocked pores may become the reason of acne, skin irritation and permanent scarring.

It is known that blocked pores actually cause acne appearance. So when conventional make up is used further pores clogging is possible and this causes more skin problems.
While mineral make up is known to be non-comedogenic and oil-free.

Moreover, mineral make up includes such ingredients as zinc oxide and titanium dioxide that possess anti-irritant and anti-inflammatory features. Because they are made of natural components, free of chemicals and preservatives, they are gentler on the skin.

The reasons mineral make up helps to decrease congested pores

Inflammation decreasing and Anti-bacterial effects of zinc oxide:

Acne lesion life includes lots of cellular changes, hormonal shifts and immunological reactions within the skin.

Among all these molecular processes, skin tries to control acne aggravating bacteria spreading because it causes inflamed damages.

Zinc oxide is able to improve this bacterial policing. For instance zinc oxide is able actually to decrease the bacteria and reduce inflammation on the skin.

Besides accelerating wound healing, zinc oxide has proven being successful in dealing with facial blemishes.

The drying effect of zinc oxide and titanium dioxide:

Also zinc oxide and titanium dioxide possess another remedial feature, drying capacity. Zinc oxide has peeling and drying effect on the skin and helps to prevent excessive sebum accumulation in the skin pores an on its surface. Alike to it, acne drugs such as isotretinoin (may also be known as Accutane) has a peeling and drying effect on the skin which helps to decrease a patient’s acne damages count and the visibility of acne scarring.

To sum up, one can credit much of the potential acne controlling features of mineral make-up because of the features of zinc oxide and titanium dioxide. Zinc oxide is able to stimulate exfoliation of the skin or boost peeling and decrease inflammation-causing bacteria, intensify exfoliation and correct deficiencies in skin shedding, which cause pores clogging and more pimples.

Also this drying effect is able to decrease the chances of dry, dead skin cells and hardened oils clog the pores and cause acne lesions. Considering this, checking mineral make-up to fight acne is a good idea.

Warnings about Mineral Makeup

You should remember that even though mineral makeup is better for your skin, it still may contain irritants. Please pay attention that due to the fact Mica, Titanium/Zinc Oxides are main compounds of The REAL Mineral makeup, it may cause breakouts, in case you are allergic to named ingredients.

Remember before applying to follow producer’s instruction for patch tests. Also there is a number of mineral makeup brands which are likely to contain bismuth oxychloride. It may cause skin irritation in certain people. Make sure you checked the ingredient label.

The problem is mineral makeup industry doesn’t have strict regulations which means some products may contain chemical substances like fillers, preservatives, binders and even colors and may also consist of non-naturally occurring minerals.

Additional advantages:

Most mineral makeups are known to be good sunscreens. Two basic compounds of most formulas (zinc oxide and titanium dioxide) are also active ingredients in common sunscreen formulas.

Probiotics in comedonal acne treatment

Have you heard that probiotics can decrease the number of comedonal acne injures? Let’s find out whether it is true.

Have you ever thought of your skin importance? Skin is an incredible organ, which protects you from damaging sun activity and environmental pollutions. Moreover, it has capability to regenerate. Your skin is incredibly elastic and flexible.

But your skin is almost defenseless against different kinds of disorders such as comedonal acne for example. They may lead to pimples, which can continue during adulthood; moreover they may cause even permanent scarring.

What are probiotics

Probiotics are microorganisms, which are beneficial for our organism. There two types of probiotics that are commonly used: Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and bifidobacteria. But you also shouldn’t forget about particular types of yeasts and bacilli. Probiotics are usually consumed as an element of fermented foods with active live cultures, such as yogurt or as dietary supplements.

One of the most important probiotic bacteria functions is destroying bad bacteria. Besides, probiotics succeed in neutralizing the activity of acne-causing toxins. They create specific environment in your gut, which leads to pathological bacteria death.
So probiotics minimize core reason of comedones (blackheads and whiteheads) and other acne forms appearance. They limit the number of pathological bacteria and control acne-causing toxins overproduction.

So let’s move on to probiotics main advantages:

They allow the small intestine to provide healthy immunity, increase digestion and constrain yeasts. Probiotics are important for food digestion process, moreover they better minerals absorption.

They are a great advantage for large intestine, safe colon cleaning product which provides healthy liver function. Digestion and immunity improving is also definitely important function of probiotics, but the problem is that the amount of probiotics can be reduced by poor diet, stress and particular drugs.

So the thing you should pay attention to is not the total amount of bacteria but the balance of harmful and beneficial bacteria.

Are the probiotics and comedonal acne related?

The mechanism of acne appearance is the next: toxins create fecund environment in your skin for acne-causing bacteria to multiply. Be aware of the fact that toxins may also disturb the normal functioning of your organs. This may lead to overproduction of specific hormones, which causes the boost of sebum production. And the last one, as you probably guessed, may cause pores blocking and comedonal acne formation (including microcomedones, blackheads and whiteheads). So what we get is more comedonal acne, more bacteria which leads to more inflamed acne formation.

How do probiotics help to treat acne?

There are number of probiotics features which can help in dealing with acne pimples, preventing comedonal acne appearance and keeping your skin healthy. They are:

• bettering digestion
• increase immune system
• control of blood glucose
• support healthy liver function
• oxidative stress and mood
• tissue lipid content
• affecting systemic inflammation

Struggle against acne with the help of Probiotics

According to researches probiotics indeed are capable to reduce the growth of Proprionibacterium acnes bacteria. This bacteria leads to clogged pores inflammation and their transformation to inflamed acne. The effect is greater when use konjac glucomannan compounds.

But in order to get the full healing from acne, only probiotics aren’t enough. Pills and yogurt are really good but that’s not enough. You should seek healthy, acne-free lifestyle.

And probiotics are definitely a step towards your aim. So you should take more actions, for further information consult with your dermatologist.

How to Remove Whiteheads from Face?

Many people suffer from whiteheads and acne breakouts on face these days. Such blemishes are hard to remove but, still, there are some effective treatment options. Let’s find out more about acne and whiteheads.

Whiteheads

Closed comedones or whiteheads are whitish papules that have 1-2 mm in diameter. They are most obvious when skin is being stretched. Whiteheads are hard to press out. They can easily inflame and provoke pustule and nodule formation.

How to remove whiteheads?

Whiteheads removal requires time and patience. However, there is one less time-consuming technique:

Professional extraction has long been assumed to be the best treatment for whiteheads removal. Professional will open your pores and press excess sebum out. Removal procedure is painful and several days are needed for recovery. Though, it is worth effort. Aftercare involves clay masks and peels. They will maintain pores clean and prevent whiteheads from forming. On the one hand, it is incredibly simple technique but, on the other, it is hard to sit through.

One more removal option is to dissolve comedones or make them dry and drop off the face. Skinoren and differin are perfect for this purpose. In this case acne removal will take about 3-6 months. Apply clay masks weekly or even more often and perform fruit peels (home or professional) containing glycolic acid for best results.

How to improve bumpy skin?

It is one of the most complicated issues in acne removal. Bumps appear when pores become clogged and cease to cleanse by themselves.

There are several ways to remove bumps from your face:

Do acne facial (extraction) either at home or at cosmetologist’s office. Take care of affected by whiteheads complexion:
- Avoid soap and other treatments that can potentially dry skin;
- Stick to common moisturizing body gel and wash your face with it. Those who have oily complexion cannot do without face wash.
- Buy small soft sponge to lather your face and remove wash remains. Non-rigid sponge helps to cleanse your face causing no damage. It removes clogged pores and whiteheads with higher efficiency than regular peels.
- Do fruit acid peels (home or professional with concentration up to 10%). They can be substituted with trivial clay of any color. Clay not only is an excellent sorbent but also is good at dissolving the upper skin layer. Perform masks 2 times a week during the first two weeks following peeling procedure. Then reduce procedure frequency to one time a week.

Listed measures are the must for individuals wishing to remove whiteheads and acne from their face. Condition may aggravate without proper care.

It is believed that anti-acne medication taken once can help to remove acne forever but it isn’t quite right. Oily skin is not a disease, it is skin roughness caused by poor skin care which stems from not knowing what to do and how to help dermis.

Employ abovementioned advice to remove whiteheads and acne blackheads from your face once and forever and remember that proper care is a skin health pledge!

Dead Sea Salt as Acne Treatment

Dead sea salt is your reliable ally in combat against acne and comedones. Acne is a condition that rises from clogged pores. Sebum and dirt accumulate in pores, create plugs, inflame and cause breakouts of comedones and acne.

Peeling and anti-bacterial properties

Dead Sea salt is natural peeling agent of high efficiency. It removes dead cells preventing comedones and acne from forming. Sea salt exfoliates flat epithelium cells, promoting young complexion free from clogged pores. It is of particular importance for oily complexion. Sea salt exfoliation will let your skin breathe and prevent clogged pores.

Sea salt has anti-bacterial properties, which are helpful in acne treatment. It inhibits clogged pores inflammation and acne formation. Sea salt may fail to cure acne, but it will certainly handle it and prevent possible breakouts.

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Mineral content

The Dead Sea salt is an excellent rejuvenating treatment. It normalizes cellular circulation, boosts cell production, exfoliates dead tissue, cleanses pores, reduces swelling, itching and soreness and nourishes dermis with vital minerals.

Sea salt is a natural source of minerals and other nutrients essential for skin health. It doesn’t only exfoliate but also conditions. Sea salt provides an excellent treatment for blemished complexion, makes it radiant and healthy. It penetrates deep into the pores and cleanses oily complexion affected by comedones.

Mineral content of Dead Sea salt is 10 times richer than that of ordinary sea salt. Calcium, potassium, magnesium, sodium, iron, sulfur, phosphorus and chlorine are present in Sea salt. Named minerals facilitate cleansing, detoxifying and restoring processes in the human body, especially in the dermis and muscles. Sulfur found in sea salt is of particular help in cleansing skin from clogged pores and acne. Indeed, sea salt contains loads of elements useful in skin care, especially comedones treatment.

How to utilize sea salt?

There are many ways to use sea salt for treating comedones and acne.
You may choose from a wide range of products containing sea salts. Various mineral soaps, cleansers, toners, masks, etc. are available on the market.

Let’s name some basic sea salt treatments for comedones and acne:

1. Facial scrub or mask
Mix some sea salt with a little water into paste. Glycerin, almond or jojoba oil can be added. Apply obtained solution as a mask or scrub it gently. This technique is the best for noninflamed comedones and clogged pores.

2. Soaking
Dissolve sea salt in water. Soak a cloth in the obtained solution and press out the extra moisture. Apply the washcloth onto acne and take your time. Avoid pressing onto the washcloth. Let treatment work for about five minutes and rinse it off with warm water. Soaking is extremely helpful for those who suffer from both: clogged pores and inflamed acne.

3. Body treatments:
Take a bath with 2-3 cups of sea salt dissolved in it. Lavender essential oil can be added to distress your skin and muscles. Procedure lasts approximately 20-25 minutes. Take a warm shower afterwards. Recommended bath frequency is 2-3 times weekly as seal salt dries skin. Pat skin dry and apply moisturizing cream after the procedure. Warm water rinsing is a necessary. This will remove comedones and acne.

Side effects and adverse reactions are rare with sea salt treatment. Though, if you have faced any problems using sea salt as a treatment for clogged pores, comedones and acne, stop using it and consult a professional.

Treating comedones with azelaic acid

Azelaic acid can be successfully used by people who have comedones (also called clogged pores) and mild or moderate form if inflammatory acne. It is usually used when benzoyl peroxide and topical retinoids are not effective or cause skin irritation.

Azelaic acid possess several effects making it valuable in comedonal acne treatment:

1. Antibacterial effect. It is shown that azelaic acid inhibits the growth of bacteria that cause acne. Azelaic acid containing products have bacteriostatic effect against Propionibacterium acne, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus etc. Using such a products within a few weeks significantly reduces bacteria. At the same time there is no bacteria resistance development observed making azelaic acid treatments effective for the long-term use. The antibacterial action is observed both on the skin surface and deep inside the sebaceous glands preventing blocked pores from inflammation.

2. Keratolytic action. In addiction to the antibacterial action, azelaic acid is very effective in preventing upper skin cells layer keratinization. Its keratolytic action helps to prevent clogged pores formation and comedones (blackheads and whiteheads) appearance due to the slowing keratinization process and comedones destruction. Used topically azelaic acid significantly reduces the number of micro-comedones and comedonal acne.

3. Anti-inflammatory effect. Azelaic acid anti-inflammatory effect is based on the inhibition of free fatty acids production that causes irritating effect and trigger skin inflammation development mechanism. This makes azelaic acid quite effective in preventing comedones inflammation.

4. Azelaic acid is also used for mild and moderate rosacea and some forms of hyperpigmentation treatments.

Main properties:

- Treats acne;
- Antibacterial action against Propionibacterium acne and Staphylococcus epidermidis;
- Decreases free fatty acids in the skin lipids;
- Normalizes epidermal cells keratinization process preventing blocked pores formation;
- Normalizes keratinization processes inside the sebaceous glands;
- Blocks melanin synthesis;
- Inhibits the action of abnormal melanocytes which cause hyperpigmentation;
- Antioxidant activity;
- Reduces the signs of post-acne;

Indications:

- Acne vulgaris (acne vulgaris);
- Seborrheic dermatitis;
- Pathologic Hyperpigmentation;
- Rosacea;
- Chloasma;
- Melasma;

Azelaic acid can be found in following products:

- Skin care products designed for acne-prone skin, skin with rosacea, oily skin, skin with hyperpigmentation;
- Skin care products designed for post-acne removal;
- Skin cleansing products;
- Can be found as a buffer component or pH regulator in cosmetics;

While using azelaic acid containing skin care products a broad-spectrum sunscreens (UVA and UVB) should be used to prevent sun-caused hyperpigmentation and acne disease exacerbation.
Azelaic acid containing products should be used until the complete recover observed; premature treatment termination may cause acne to return or even get worse.

Side effects:

Among the side effects a simple dermatitis is possible but extremely rare.

Retinoids in comedones treatment

Retinoids are derivatives of retinoic acid, syntetic analogs of vitamin A. Being a components of comedonal acne (also called comedones, clogged pores etc.) treating products, they regulate sebaceous secretion and skin cells keratinization processes. The fact that retinoids accumulating in the sebaceous glands reduce inflammation and treat acne is very valuable.

Retinoids possess following effects:

- remove hyperkeratosis;
- lighten the skin;
- improve skin firmness and elasticity;
- diminish wrinkles;
- reduce inflammations;
- speed up healing processes;

Types of retinoids used for acne treatments:

There are several groups of retinoids (generations).

First generation includes retinoic acid derivatives. This group includes retinol, retinal, tretinoin, isotretinoin, alitretinoin. These substances are widely used for acne treatments. They are especially effective in comedonal acne (whiteheads and blackheads comedones) therapy.

The scale of retinoids activity can be presented in the following way (form left to right):

Retinyl palmitate => Retinol (Retinol) => Retinaldehyde (retinal) => Retinoic acid (retinoic acid)

Retinoid called tretinoin reduces sebum production and accelerates skin cells regeneration, inhibits micro comedones formation and promotes closed comedones (whiteheads) into open comedones (blackheads) transformation.

Retinoid isotretinoin inhibits sebum production, prevent microcomedones and blocked pores formation, posess antibacterial and anti-iflammatory effects.

Retinol derivatives are a medication, so their usage cosmetic products is limited while retinol and retinilpalmitat are more common. This is because of that fact the cosmetics, unlike medications, is usually used for a long time and without any medical control.

Retinoids properties:

1. Comedolytic. The application prevents comedonal acne formation and promote closed comedones (whiteheads) into open comedones (blackheads) transformation making them more accessible of other medications penetration.

2. Sebostatic. Reduce sebum production preventing congested pores formation.

3. Normalize cells differentiation. Decreases hyperproliferation of sebaceous gland epithelium and decreases cell adhesion promoting drainage of clogged pores.

4. Anti-inflammatory. Reduces the inflammation around the sebaceous glands.

5. Do not cause toxic reactions.

How to use for comedones treatment:

- apply in a very thin layer only on a dry and clean skin;
- apply a small amount;
- gradually increase concentrations;
- at the beginning of the treatment apply 2-3 times a week, after 2 weeks apply every night or day and night if skin is not exposed to the sun;
- use at least 2-4 month for the best results, as a maintenance therapy use 2-3 time a week for a several month;
- depending on the skin type choose gel ( for oily skin type), cream (for dry skin) or lotion emulsion (oily to combination skin) form;

Contraindications for retinoids usage:

If you want the therapy effects increase, retinoid containing products should be used constantly, it doesn’t cause addiction. However they have some contraindications: sensitive and allergic skin, inflamed skin areas.

Retinoids should not be used by:

- pregnant women;
- those who are taking medications which increase photosensitivity (skin sensitivity to the sun);
- those who take vitamin A;

Retinoids increase skin sensitivity to the sun radiation so the sunscreen should be used. Avoid skin peels and other irritating products including alcoholic solutions and scrubs.

Comedonal acne

Comedonal acne is one of the non-inflamed acne forms. Depending of the nature of comedones manifestations, comedonal acne can be mild, moderate or severe. The form is determined with the help of visual inspection including the number and structure of acne elements evaluation, sebum secretion, keratinization and keratosis processes level evaluation. In most cases, the appearance of comedonal acne does not involve the inflammatory process or pathogenic microflora development.

Causes

The main morphological elements are single comedones. Comedones can be open and closed depending on their formation. Open comedones appear in the case when sebum, dead skin cells and dirt accumulate in the pore at skin surface. As a result of sebum oxidization these clogs become darker and form a blackhead. Closed comedones are the small light-yellow nodules slightly protruding above the skin surface.

Closed comedo (or whitehead) forms due to the sebum and keratosis products accumulation deep into the hair follicle. As a result, sebum oxidization becomes impossible but favorable conditions for anaerobic pathogenic bacteria growth appear. This causes the development of inflammation and suppuration processes. As a rule, comedonal acne appears in people suffering seborrhea and various acne forms. Comedonal acne can also occur as a result of sun exposure and other physical factors.

As atrophy of sebaceous glands takes place, comedones transform into dense blackheads and cysts, resulting in hair follicles expansion. The skin thickens and becomes rough due to the elastic fibers amount decrease. A correct diagnosis is very important to determine an adequate treatment. Therapeutic methods used for papules, pustular and nodular-cystic formations are inappropriate for comedonal acne treatment.

Open and closed comedones

Micro-comedones are primary microscopic clusters of sebaceous glands secretion formed due to the hair follicle partial blockage. The blockage is caused by corneocytes (surface skin cells that constantly shed). Micro comedones are hardly visible on the surface of the skin.

Closed comedones (whiteheads) form due to the further sebum accumulation and its pressure on the clogged follicle. The main feature of closed comedo formation is nodules formation beneath the skin surface. Inflammatory processes are not very active, however favorable for anaerobic propionibacterium conditions cause superficial skin layers inflammations. Therefore, closed comedones are often called “time bomb”.

Open comedones (blackheads) form due to the continuous accumulation of sebum and corneocytes in the sebaceous gland leading to the hair follicle atrophy. The sebum becomes thick and over-saturated by korneocytes and can not be moved to the skin surface forming a dark plug. This plug is made of densely packed corneocytes (dead ckin cells), sebum (skin oil), propionic bacteria and staphylococcus.

Comedonal acne treatment

In the case of comedonal acne dermatologist usually recommend to remove cosmetics properly, stop using comedogenic skin care products and use comedolytic treatments like retinoids or Alpha and Beta Hydroxy Acids. The recommendations and algorithm of various acne forms treatment commonly include following medications: in the case of mild acne – topical retinoids, topical antibiotics, in case of moderate acne – topical retinoids and/or benzoyl peroxide. As an alternative means different products containing azelaic acid, AHAs and BHAs, benzoyl peroxide and hormonal therapy can be used.

Cosmetic Acne and Pores Clogging

How cosmetics clog pores?

Cosmetic acne can strike everyone, even people who are resistant to acne manifestations. Cosmetics cause clogged pores (comedones). Most make up is usually removed during the day by clothes and rubbing, but some stays in the skin pores, builds up and provokes blocked pores, which inevitably leads to acne. Acne forms in a few weeks. Those who have sensitive skin or allergic reactions to any cosmetics ingredients are likely to get more severe acne in shorter time.

Cosmetic acne peculiarities

You can tell cosmetic acne by numerous small whiteheads on cheeks, chin and rarely forehead. Normally, it doesn’t leave scars, but it can be hard to get rid of cosmetic acne.

Cosmetic acne considerably differs from common acne by the cause of appearance. The latter is triggered by accumulation of oil, dead cells and bacteria while the former is caused by the impact of pore clogging products.

Many cosmetics are claimed to be anti-comedogenic. Stick to them if you suffer from cosmetic comedonal acne or susceptible to sensitive skin problems. This, combined with daily skin care regimen may help to reduce or even remove cosmetic acne and blocked pores.

Everybody can develop cosmetic acne. Since it takes time to appear, most women do not connect appearance of clogged pores to repeated application of particular acne-provoking products. They get into vicious cycle: the more whiteheads appear, the more make-up is applied to conceal acne manifestations. This only causes new breakouts.

Test one new product at a time

Sometimes temptation to try many new products at a time is irresistible. Though, it’s a bad practice. You won’t be able to track back efficiency of each cosmetic product. Good advice is to test new product alone, avoiding application of any other new health-and-beauty aids.

Introduce one new product to your beauty regimen at a time. If you notice any acne manifestations within a few days after application stop using the product and see whether your breakouts will go off. If they vanish, product is likely to be comedogenic and cause clogged pores. You may repeat application to reassure yourself that this health-and-beauty aid leads to blocked pores.

Precautions

Don’t use cosmetics that contain lanolin derivatives, isopropyl myristate or its substitutes, laureth-4 and D&C red dyes. Examine product labels to provide that cosmetic formula is safe and hasn’t been altered lately.

Choose natural products that prevent acne, cleanse debris and open pores without irritation or any other consequences. The one that regenerates damaged tissues will be perfect.

Follow these recommendations to prevent clogged pores and cosmetic acne.

Acne and Clogged Pores

Acne develops from clogged pores (comedones). Although it can emerge virtually anywhere on the body acne is mostly found on the face. Many forms of acne can be differed. It varies by strength from mild to severe. Mild acne is the most common form. It is usually self-treated and easy to handle. More severe acne breakouts require professional supervision.

Although pimples are the most widespread form there are other forms of acne. They can be divided into two groups, namely, non-inflammatory and inflammatory acne.

Non-inflammatory acne:

Two types of non-inflammatory acne (aka clogged pores or comedones) can be specified: fully clogged pores (closed comedones, whiteheads) and partly clogged pores (open comedones, blackheads).

Closed comedones or whiteheads appear when hair follicle is blocked underneath the skin. This acne eruption looks like tiny whitish bumps right under the skin.

Open comedones or blackheads appear when the clog enlarges itself and breaks through the skin surface. Such blocked pores are dark by color due to melanin build up. Amazingly, blackish appearance has nothing in common with debris or dirt.

Inflammatory acne

Most skin conditions are triggered by accumulation of sebum and dead cells near the hair follicle, leading to pore blocking. Clogged pore inflammation can be caused either by bacteria infection or irritation from squeezing. You can tell inflammation by reddening, swelling and pain. Four types of inflamed acne can be specified:

1. Papule is the mildest form of inflamed acne. It looks like a small solid pinkish bump and is frequently gentle by touch. Papules are considered an intermediary between inflammatory and non-inflammatory acne.

2. Nodules are big aching lesions. Acne of this type is filled with fuss and sits deep in one’s skin. It occurs when comedo expands further to skin, which activates the immune defense producing pus.

3. Pustules are tiny round lesions resembling papules. Though, they are often inflamed to a large extent and fester. In this case inflammation is caused by chemical irritation from sebum components (e.g. fatty acids) but not by bacteria.

4. Cysts are extremely large and inflamed acne. Indeed, they are referred to as the most severe form of acne. Cysts can be depicted as tender by touch, fluid-filled bumps under the dermis surface. They are really painful. Initially, cysts develop similarly to nodules: they stem from the deep break in the follicle wall. Subsequently, a membrane forms around the infection that has affected the skin. Then cyst starts its way to the surface injuring wholesome skin cells and destroying the follicle. This inevitably leads to scarring.

Clogged pores are initial forms of inflammatory and non-inflammatory acne that require proper treatment.