Pores minimizing

It is a known fact that enlarged pores are a great disappointment to women, especially in case the problem involves facial area. But there is a solution, to be more exact, there are number of ways to minimize pores.

Beautiful skin requires dealing with pores. There are methods to decrease irritation and exasperation of clogged pores, because those are main reasons of their considerably larger appearance.

You should also be aware of the main function of pores; their target is to take out toxins of your body. Besides, pores control and coordinate your skins temperature and moisturize dry skin.

Why do enlarged pores appear

There are also numbers of factors which have considerable impact on pores appearance. For example, the process of aging which actually leads to pore’s growth. Enormous sun activity may lead to pores extension. Moreover, it was prooved that people with oily skin are likely to have bigger pores.

There is a thought which is actually widespread that acne is one of the reasons pores get bigger. Well, people with oily skin more likely to have acne, but the fact is acne isn’t a determinative factor in the process of pores increasing. Acne lead to scarring appearance which may make you think that acne prone people suffer from larger pores but it’s not really the truth.

Another problem you may face is generic one. For example, if your parents have had big pores, you are likely to suffer from the same problem.

The fact is there is actually no way to decrease large pores or to cause their shrinkage. Your actions in such situation should include looking for products that help to prevent larger pores appearance. That’s true; there aren’t any magic lotions or elixirs that will help you to diminish pores. But the piece of good news is that number of things might help make them look better.

Your best helper in dealing with large pores is Cleanliness. You should be attentive to clean your skin at least two times a day. That will help you to prevent clogging your pores with dirt and oil. Be sure not scrubbing your face with a washcloth. In order to get rid of dead skin cells, which can also cause clogging, exfoliating cleaners can be applied. One procedure a week will be enough.

You can also apply sunscreen, which will save your skin from sun damages. Those damages give your pores worse look.

You probably know that makeup can help to hide pores but here are some necessary points about it. The most important rule is that cosmetics need to be oil free.

So be sure to pick make up with sigh oil free noncomedogenic. Such types don’t lead to pores clogging. The best choice is mineral cosmetics for sure, for it is natural and succeeds in hiding large pores.

But of course, there are much more factors and reasons that lead to pores getting bigger. So you should be aware of them and also take measures to prevent them and minimize pores successfully.

Ways to minimize pores

Helpful advices

The problem is that large pores influence not only on your skin but also on your confidence. By taking of your complexion you can decrease large pores. Besides, it will also help to reduce the number of breakouts and skin rashes.

Apply proper techniques to take care of your skin and get advantages from its healthy brilliance.

1. To begin with, make a visit to your doctor. Be sure of making examination of your skin to work out the needed personal regime for your skin. Considering the fact blackheads often accompany large pores, you should discuss any skin conditions you suffering from.

2. Your skin should always be clean. Pick up a mild cleanser which will help you to remove dirt, oil and make up out of your skin. Skin should be cleaned twice a day, in the morning and at night, in order the procedure to be successful. Foreign materials and oil may cause pores enlargements. So never forget to remove the makeup before going to sleep, in order to protect your skin from breakouts and irritation.

3. Exfoliation is needed to be done at home. It’s better to choose products which consist of gentle scrubbers and help with deep cleaning of your pores. This procedure should be done once a week this will help to prevent pores enlargement. Don’t scrub your skin raw when applying exfoliants, this may lead to skin irritation and injure to underlying blood vessels.

4. Try vitamin A treatment. Vitamin A provides more successful skin exfoliation, besides it helps to lose already clogged pores. There is a wide range of over the counter and prescription medications to choose from, such as Retinol, you can get it without prescription. Be attentive to follow package instructions, this will save you from skin injures and skin irritation.

5. Pay attention to microdermabrasion procedures. You can apply these procedures at home or at doctor’s office. Microdermabrasion provides dead skin cells removing, decreasing pores and grant your skin with smooth complexion.

Comedonal acne

Comedonal acne is one of the non-inflamed acne forms. Depending of the nature of comedones manifestations, comedonal acne can be mild, moderate or severe. The form is determined with the help of visual inspection including the number and structure of acne elements evaluation, sebum secretion, keratinization and keratosis processes level evaluation. In most cases, the appearance of comedonal acne does not involve the inflammatory process or pathogenic microflora development.

Causes

The main morphological elements are single comedones. Comedones can be open and closed depending on their formation. Open comedones appear in the case when sebum, dead skin cells and dirt accumulate in the pore at skin surface. As a result of sebum oxidization these clogs become darker and form a blackhead. Closed comedones are the small light-yellow nodules slightly protruding above the skin surface.

Closed comedo (or whitehead) forms due to the sebum and keratosis products accumulation deep into the hair follicle. As a result, sebum oxidization becomes impossible but favorable conditions for anaerobic pathogenic bacteria growth appear. This causes the development of inflammation and suppuration processes. As a rule, comedonal acne appears in people suffering seborrhea and various acne forms. Comedonal acne can also occur as a result of sun exposure and other physical factors.

As atrophy of sebaceous glands takes place, comedones transform into dense blackheads and cysts, resulting in hair follicles expansion. The skin thickens and becomes rough due to the elastic fibers amount decrease. A correct diagnosis is very important to determine an adequate treatment. Therapeutic methods used for papules, pustular and nodular-cystic formations are inappropriate for comedonal acne treatment.

Open and closed comedones

Micro-comedones are primary microscopic clusters of sebaceous glands secretion formed due to the hair follicle partial blockage. The blockage is caused by corneocytes (surface skin cells that constantly shed). Micro comedones are hardly visible on the surface of the skin.

Closed comedones (whiteheads) form due to the further sebum accumulation and its pressure on the clogged follicle. The main feature of closed comedo formation is nodules formation beneath the skin surface. Inflammatory processes are not very active, however favorable for anaerobic propionibacterium conditions cause superficial skin layers inflammations. Therefore, closed comedones are often called “time bomb”.

Open comedones (blackheads) form due to the continuous accumulation of sebum and corneocytes in the sebaceous gland leading to the hair follicle atrophy. The sebum becomes thick and over-saturated by korneocytes and can not be moved to the skin surface forming a dark plug. This plug is made of densely packed corneocytes (dead ckin cells), sebum (skin oil), propionic bacteria and staphylococcus.

Comedonal acne treatment

In the case of comedonal acne dermatologist usually recommend to remove cosmetics properly, stop using comedogenic skin care products and use comedolytic treatments like retinoids or Alpha and Beta Hydroxy Acids. The recommendations and algorithm of various acne forms treatment commonly include following medications: in the case of mild acne – topical retinoids, topical antibiotics, in case of moderate acne – topical retinoids and/or benzoyl peroxide. As an alternative means different products containing azelaic acid, AHAs and BHAs, benzoyl peroxide and hormonal therapy can be used.

Facial Cleanser and Clogged Pores

To get rid of annoying clogged pores and comedones one should perform deep cleansing with a special product called cleanser. First of all let’s find out what are comedones or blocked pores.

How do comedones form?

Renewal processes constantly occur in epidermis. Old cells peel off as soon as new ones form. Flat epithelium cells often mix with sebum and develop clogged pores.

Closed clogged pores are called whiteheads or closed comedones. Open blocked pores darken due to exposure to the oxygen. They are called blackheads or open comedones.

How to remove clogged pores?

Clogged pores’ cleansing takes time. Several treatments may be needed for achieving the subtlest results. When skin becomes properly hydrated pores start to properly perform their exfoliating function. To facilitate clogged pores removal, hydrate your skin, exfoliate and do deep pore cleansing.

What is cleanser and how to use it?

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Cleansing procedure requires appropriate facial cleanser. Cleanser is a skin care product designed for removing make-up remains, dead cells, sebum, dirt and other debris. It is assumed to be better than bar soap for debris removing. Facial cleanser should be used twice a day to prevent blocked pores. Apply cleanser in the morning and before going to sleep to ensure that your complexion is free of cosmetics remains, debris and sweat that can provoke comedones.

Clogged pores are likely to occur on poorly cleansed skin. All debris should be removed to prevent pores from blocking. Using cleansers is not enough for comedones removal. Remains of cleansers should be eliminated as well. Wipe your face with a cotton pad soaked in alcohol-free toner or skin conditioning hydrosols after deep cleansing procedure. Avoid rubbing. Just go on with fresh cotton pads till they are left clean.

How to choose appropriate cleanser?

Cleansers are widely available and you may choose suitable product with no problem. Avoid harsh and abrasive facial cleansers while treating comedones. Your skin is already irritated and such products can make things worse. Utilize mild cream or gel-based cleansers. You may even employ gentle scrub if you don’t have severe acne breakouts.

A good idea is to utilize non comedogenic oils (castor, olive or jojoba oil) for clogged pores cleansing. Such oils won’t lead to blocked pores.

Choose cleansers designed particularly for people who have prone to clogged pores complexion. They normally contain benzoyl peroxide, alpha hydroxy acids or salicylic acid, which are good at comedones elimination. It is believed that such cleansers are the most successful complement to prescription medications for acne and blocked pores. Still, deep cleansing is considered to be an efficient procedure for clogged pores and comedones treatment.

How to Treat Whiteheads?

To treat closed comedones (or whiteheads) once and for all one should know what is causing it. Whiteheads phenomenon hasn’t been fully elucidated yet. Nevertheless, dermatologists claim that whiteheads are caused by hardened sebum amassing in the skin pores. Closed comedones formation is frequently explained by bacterial impact to the closed skin pore.

Treating tips

Essential advice on treating whiteheads:

Leave closed comedones extraction to professionals, i.e. estheticians or dermatologists.
Use gentle oil-free cleansers and wash your face twice a day to prevent formation of whiteheads.
Don’t try to squeeze them out or pick at a comedo to avoid inflammation expansion and skin wreckage leading to reddish scars.

- Employ face creams and moisturizers which involve salicylic acid.
- Give preference to antibacterial health-and-beauty aids.
- Make sure your skin care products contain benzyl peroxide, salicylic acid or AHAs.
- Try to maintain your skin as clean as possible to avoid whiteheads occurrence.
- Drink more water to hydrate your skin and get rid of the toxins embedding your skin.
- Apply toner after face cleansing two times a day to close the pores.
- Consider that whiteheads differ from blackheads by the clog characteristics. Blackheads are partly clogged pores while whiteheads are totally blocked pores.
- Remember that whiteheads can fade away by themselves shortly after forming.
- Always remove make up remains before going to bed to avoid pores clogging which leads to formation of closed and open comedones, spots and rash and decreases the effectiveness of treatment applied.
- Keep away from harsh facial cleansers, soaps and lotions.
- Choose noncomedogenic and nonacnegenic health-and-beauty aids.
- Avoid oil-based makeup precuts that provoke the oil buildup in the follicles.
- Keep in mind that the looks of your skin are greatly affected by your skin care routine.
- Apply sunscreens or sunblocks with minimum 15 SPF every day even in winter to secure your skin from destructive impact of the sun.
- Try not to touch your face too often to prevent inflammation and bacterial transfer.
- Develop a habit of regular facials to maintain clean pores.
- Apply cleansing masks once or twice a week.
- Work out your skin care and eating habits and develop such lifestyle that will help you to make your skin clean and treat whiteheads.
- Tight clothes, hats, helmets and other items can make your whiteheads problem more complicated.
- Excessive friction and heat result in accumulation of bacteria and filth in skin pores, contributing to closed comedones expansion.

If whiteheads still don’t recede you should check up other factors provoking such skin condition. Environmental issues can impede your attempts to treat closed comedones. General contamination tends to irritate the skin and zeros your anticomedo actions.

Getting Rid of Blackheads

What products can help to get rid of blackheads?

Blackheads are provoked by pores clogging. Their “blackish” color is caused by the oxidization between air and oil (sebum) in a plugged pore and the melanin pigment from the dead epithelium cells.
To remove blackheads one should treat their cause – superfluous sebum (oil) and dead epithelium cells. That’s why to get rid of blackheads it is better to use health-and-beauty aids containing only natural components with no astringent effect. Usage of the harsh products can lead to skin defatting which causes excessive sebum production and pores blocking. On the other hand, cleansing products based on natural oils like jojoba or coconut oil succeed in skin cleaning and don’t block the pores because of their similarity with human natural oils.

Exfoliants for blackheads removal

To remove blackheads one should also apply gentle exfoliating mask or scrub on a daily basis. This helps to get rid of dead skin cells which clog the pores. Exfoliating requires carefulness since it can aggravate the blackheads problem. Scrubs for blackheads removal usually contain salicylic acid. They penetrate into the pores and eliminate blackheads by cleaning them.

Containing in scrubs microbeads are extremely good at dead cells removal but still they can fail to eliminate some obstinate blackheads.

Deep cleansing pore strips

Deep cleansing pore strips such as Biore are claimed to be useful in blackheads removal. Wash your face gently and steam beforehand. It will open the pores and provide better sticking for cleansing strips. Take strips and apply them over areas affected by the blackheads. In 15 min. when stripes will dry out take them away from sides to center.

Getting rid of blackheads with BHA products

Take advantage of BHA peels and products containing salicylic acid which penetrate into the pore and exfoliate it from inside removing debris and normalizing oil flow. Due to their anti-inflammatory characteristics BHA products lessen the redness of skin flaws while their antibacterial qualities help to get rid of blackheads and prevent new breakouts.

AHAs (alpha hydroxy acid) can perform as complimentary means but they are not so efficient in blackheads fighting as salicylic acid. They can’t penetrate the pores’ inner layer and work only on the skin surface.

Products to avoid

Thus, it is better to employ merely oil-free and noncomedogenic skin care products. To prevent or get rid of blackheads one should avoid beauty aids containing the following components: alcohol, lanolin, isopropyl mystate, sodium laureth sulphate, propylene glycol, sodium lauryl sulphate, parabens and mineral oil.

Necessary procedures

To get rid of the blackheads you should do the following procedures once or twice a week:
Dissolve a few drops of tea tree oil in container with boiling water and steam your face for approximately 5 minutes. This will open the pores and make your skin softer.
Apply clay mask to remove the oil from the clogged pore. Wait till mask components activate (takes from 10 min. to an hour). Wash it off with warm water and gently dry your skin.

Diet for blackheads removal

Healthy eating habits can help in getting rid of blackheads as well. Particular food choices can cut down oil secretion, increase skin moisture and help new epithelium cells to reproduce. Substitute cooked carbohydrates and fats for fresh fruits, vegetables and raw fats (avocadoes, olives, etc).

Make Up

Make sure your cosmetics don’t contain comedogenic ingredients and fats and won’t clog the pores. Avoid applying make-up on sweating face skin. Remove make-up remains with a cleanser every day. Your make up tools should be washed once a month with mild shampoo and dried in advance.

Hormonal Influence on Clogged Pores

Formation of comedones and clogged pores is greatly affected by hormonal factors. Hormones, especially androgens developing male traits, control oil secretion in sebaceous glands. Enlargement of oil glands can be the first sign of puberty foregoing acne appearance due to glands’ liability to adrogens.

Emotional factors also contribute to blocked pores development. Thus, stress is claimed to provoke blocked pores occurrence. This can be explained by excessive glucocorticoid production in the adrenal glands which intensifies the impact of androgens. Therefore, pregnancy can sometimes either exacerbate or treat comedones due to rendered hormonal changes.

PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) and clogged pores

PCOS is frequently met among women. That’s why its therapy has been developed over the years. There are four major symptoms of PCOS: spots, testosterone-induced skin, excessive hair on face and body, thinning of the scalp hair. Named disorder can also result in irregular menses, bad metabolism and weight problems.

Female comedones may indicate on PCOS. If you possess some symptoms mentioned better test yourself for PCOS. But still you may suffer from comedones only.
Hormonal Testing

Hormonal testing is a brilliant idea for those who suffer from severe comedones. Competent physician expertise can be of great help in cases of rigorous non medicated acne followed by irregular menstruation, excess hair, or uncontrollable weight changes.

Hormonal therapy

Hormonal therapy diminishes androgens’ influence on the sebaceous glands. This prevents comedones from first breakouts and presents unsurpassed outcomes. Well organized hormonal treatment may heal all comedones even in difficult cases when other means have proved to be inefficient with clogged pores cure.

Face Care Regimen to Get Rid of Whiteheads

Why face care regimen is necessary?

Whiteheads also known as closed comedones resemble small white bumps on the skin surface and occur when epithelium cells plug and close a hair follicle. Whiteheads are often confused with pimples due to similar appearance but former require more care while being removed. It is a bad idea to try to get rid of closed comedones by yourself at home. Whiteheads differ much from pimples and blackheads. Their squeezing can lead to skin damage and lasting reddish scars.

How regimen works?

However, strict skin care regimen performs as a good commitment for getting rid of whiteheads:

- Wash your face twice a day using suitable for your skin type skincare products. Employ facial cleanser containing salicylic acid or alpha hydroxy acids, which should help to unblock the pores.

- Accept skin exfoliating procedure as regimen routine. Apply peeling products twice or three times a week. Put exfoliator all over the face with gentle circular moves paying particular attention to the problem facial areas like forehead, nose and cheeks. Use calm exfoliator containing small microbeads to stimulate production of the new soft and healthy epithelium cells and unblock the pores.

- Moisturize your skin with moisturizer or hydrating cream. This suits for oily and mixed skin as well.

- Steam your face for a couple of minutes every day. This will provide deeper cleansing and debris removal. Steaming widens the blocked pores and makes skin smoother. This will facilitate removal of the the makeup remains, filth, oils (sebum) or other secretions and dead epithelium cells.

- Take advantage of a comedone remover (also comedone extractor). This instrument will help to get rid of comedones and other skin imperfections by eliminating black plugs made of mixed oils and bacteria. Use this tool right after steaming procedure to obtain clean and tender skin.

For those with moderate whiteheads amounts doing nothing can be the best solution since closed comedones often fade away by themselves in a couple of days.
Follow face care regimen and don’t try to get rid of whiteheads by yourself or to squeeze them out. It is better to consult a dermatologist or a beautician beforehand.

Blackheads and open comedones

What are blackheads?

Blackheads or open comedones can be best described as yellow or blackish clogs or bumps on the skin surface. In medical practice they are termed “acne vulgaris”. Despite the widespread belief poor hygiene doesn’t necessarily lead to blackheads. In fact, they appear when excessively secreted oils amass in the sebaceous glands duct. Dark color of these plugs comes as a result of both oxidization induced by interaction between air and sebum in a clogged pore and melanin pigmentation from the dead epithelium cells.

How do open comedones appear?

Blackheads are often provoked by oily skin. Environmental contamination, dust fractions, makeup leftovers and dead epithelium cells tend to block the facial oil glands. Later all these interact with air and turn black. Though blackheads spoil the looks, gentle exfoliation is likely to clean the pores from clogs.

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What causes blackheads?

Emergence of this genetic or hormonal disorder doesn’t depend on nation or sex. Normally, healthy pore secretes a certain amount of sebum which then freely moves through it and comes out onto the skin top layer. There it forms a thin protective coat all over the face. Needed oil amount is controlled by the hormones individually.
Otherwise, a mixture of epithelium cells and excessive sebum masses block the pore. Being exposed to air this combination oxidizes and becomes a blackhead.

How to remove blackheads?

There are some better ways of fighting the blackheads then avoiding oily or thick emollients and moisturizers. To list basic practical advice on blackheads treatment, following means should be mentioned:
1.Try using water-soluble cleansers instead of the solid soap. Soap components are likely to clog pores, while inflicted irritation can cause epithelium cells to come off too early and block the pore.
2.Employ gentle exfoliants to get rid of the superfluous skin cells on the face surface and clean the pore from inside (to advance its shape for better carrying capacity).
3.Apply AHA and BHA peels. BHAs (beta hydroxy acids) or salicylic acid as the most common used BHA is likely to affect the pore from inside and exfoliate its inner layer to unblock it and normalize the oil flow.
4.Excess oil should be absorbed. Suits only for oily skin because blackheads on dry skin have nothing to do with extra oil. In such cases clay masks and oil-absorbing papers may be of great help (they shouldn’t contain such irritating components as mint, peppermint, camphor, etc).

Whiteheads

What are whiteheads?

Non inflamed skin pores obstructed by plugs made from sebum or oil and dry skin cells are commonly known as whiteheads or closed comedones. These small white spots triggered by improper work of grease glands can not only spoil the look of your skin but also provoke various problems.

Being covered with top skin layer and dry cells fragments from oxygen closed comedones possess light yellow or white color and often referred to as milia. Whiteheads or milia make the skin coarse and greasy looking, in some cases when clogging is combined with bacteria it can lead to acne and cysts.

Whiteheads may occur on the epithelium body-wide but mostly they are observed on facial area, i.e. cheekbones, nose, temples, forehead. Closed comedones have many causes. Among them are incompetent sebum secretion or skin exfoliation, excessive sunbathing and bad choice of health-and-beauty aids.

It is better to prevent yourself from getting whiteheads by attentive skin care. Though, in case you already have closed comedones, prompt steps should be made to avoid complications.

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Efficient tips for whiteheads prevention and treatment:

- Wash your face at least two times a day using mild soap or gentle facial cleanser and warm water;
- Apply gentle exfoliating scrub once a week to remove dry cells and oil from the pores and prevent their clogging. Oatmeal and curd work best against whiteheads.
- Apply clay mask once a week.
- Use peels which contain hydroxy acid (AHA and BHA peels) periodically to assist skin exfoliation and clean out the pores.
- Use only oil free facial products matching to your skin type.
- Maintain the skin well moisturized with the help of oil-free moisturizers because skin dryness may worsen pores clogging with dry cells.
- Drink more water and juice.
- Try eating fresh fruits and vegetables more often.
- Take glass of water with honey before breakfast every morning to detox your skin.
- Try not to touch the face too often.
- Use less make up to keep the pores unblocked.
- Try to avoid excessive sunbathing and always use sunscreen to protect affected areas.

If nothing helps to lessen the pores clogging and whiteheads appearance you should visit your dermatologist for further medical treatment.