Pores clogging: basics

Clogged pores (also called blocked pores) are the types of acne called comedones or comedonal acne. There are two types of comedones: blackheads and whiteheads.

These skin conditions appear when hair follicle on our skin becomes blocked by dead cells and the oil gland continues to produce sebum. In this case sebum doesn’t come out from the gland to the skin surface because the follicle is blocked. It leads to the accumulation of sebum inside the hair follicle and its further inflammation which is caused by acne bacteria. When the ducts of the sebaceous glands are blocked these bacteria multiply rapidly leading to the inflammatory reaction.

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What causes pores clogging?

All the systems in our organism are functioning in complete harmony with each other but when the disbalance in one or several systems happens the effects are felt by the entire organism including the skin. Our skin condition indicates our body and our soul condition.

When the person eats unhealthy food harmful substances remain for a long time inside the body causing comedones appearance. When the person has blocked pores or acne it’s recommended to eat more vegetables, fruit and nuts. Such food decreases the amount of toxins in the organism and contains many vitamins and minerals which are good for the skin.

It’s also recommended to avoid eating sugar, white rice and pasta and eat less meat and milk products.

Lack of water in the organism makes skin dry and affects the process of skin healing and renewal. Dry and dead cells accumulate on the surface of the skin and cut output of sebum causing pores clogging.

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Other reasons of the comedones appearance are:

- lack of physical activity;
- lack of fresh air;
- hormonal disorders;
- digestion disorders;
- deseases of liver, ovaries, thyroid, gastrointestinal tract;
- puberty;
- antibiotics;
- abnormal/excessive keratinization;
- comedogenic cosmetics;
- wrong skin care regimen;

What is the best everyday skin care routine for clogged pores?

Never squeeze or scrub comedonal acne too intensive because it increases the risk of pigmented spots, scars and inflammations.

Never overdry your skin because it stimulates more oil production inside the follicle, leads to a greater number of dry cells and worsens the problem. The skin pH level is 5.5, the highest pH level has the soap or facial cleaner, the more it dries the skin.

Try to clean your skin twice a day with gentle cleansers or everyday scrubs to remove dead cells and prevent their stuck incide the pores.

Never touch the face with hands during the day! And a deep skin cleansing should only be done by the experienced beautician.

Another very important point is to use ONLY noncomedogenic cosmetics. Try to use oil-free products and avoid getting hair styling products, hair gels, creams and oils on the skin.

Always remove the make-up before going to bed. Use exfoliating products regularly in the case of excessive keratinization.

Wash the face with warm water because hot water can stimulate more oil production and avoid being in places with high humidity and temperature (bath, laundry and kitchen).

All these recommendations can help to get rid of comedones at home without invasive treatments. But if your comedonal acne and clogged pores are too severe, it’s always better to consult a specialist in dermatology.